Bismillah

THE LIFE OF 

MUHAMMAD
(Sallalahu Alayhe Wassalam) 

THE MAKKAN PERIOD 

IMAM ANWAR AL AWLAKI 

CD -3


First Qibla - Bait-al-Maqdis (Al-Aqsa): AT THE HEART OF JERUSALEM is the Masjid Al Aqsa or Al-Haram Ash-Shareef (The Noble Sanctuary). It is the third most sacred mosque in the world (after Masjid al-Haram in Makkah and Masjid Nabawi in Medinah), enclosing over 35 acres of fountains, gardens, buildings and domes. At its southernmost end is Masjid Al Aqsa, which was re-built by Khalifa Omar Bin Al-Kattab in the year 19 Hijri. At its center is the celebrated Dome of the Rock. The entire area is regarded as Baitul-Maqdis or Al-Qudus and comprises nearly one sixth of the walled city of Jerusalem.
Ref: 01_03_02 
The hajj, or pilgrimage to Makkah, a central duty of Islam whose origins date back to the Prophet Abraham, brings together Muslims of all races and tongues for one of life's most moving spiritual experiences. For 14 centuries, countless millions of Muslims, men and women from the four corners of the earth, have made the pilgrimage to Makkah, the birthplace of Islam. In carrying out this obligation, they fulfill one of the five "pillars" of Islam, or central religious duties of the believer.
Ref: 01_03_023

The Religious back ground of Arabia Understanding the religious background of Arabia will help us to know the environment in which Rasulullah (saw) lived.

Religion in Arabia obviously started with Tawheed (oneness of God) because of the dawa of Ismail (as). He was a Prophet and they followed him, The Arabs of Arabia started out as Muslims believing in the oneness of Allah. So what went wrong down the line to reach to the level they were at when Rasulullah (saw) was sent to them?

 In the time of Rasulullah (saw), there were three religions in Arabia:

 
  • Idol worshipping
  • Christianity and
  • Judaism.

Start of Idol Worshipping in Arabia:

Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai, the leader of Khuza (mentioned in CD 02), was very generous, strong and much respected and admired by his people they use to respect him so much and admire him so much that his words were taken as law. He travelled to sham [according to the translation its today’s Syria even though it includes Syria, Palestine and Jordan the centre of the sham is Jerusalem [Bait al Maqdis] but it has been translated as Syria]

Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai  finds idols over there. He asked the people, “What are these?” They told him, “Well these are intermediates between us and Allah. Therefore, if we want to ask for rain, we ask them. They appeal on our behalf to Allah. When we want children, we go to a different idol. When we are at war, we have a certain idol. We have idols for anything we want. They appeal to God for us and perform things for us.”

Amir bin Luhai said, “Excellent, this is what we need. We need someone to appeal to our Lord for rain, for wealth. How about you hand me over one of these idols so I can take it back home?”

They gave him a pretty good, huge idol called “Hubel”. He carried Hubel back to Mecca and established it next to al-Kaaba in al-Haram. He told the people, “These will intercede on your behalf to Allah (swt). Ask them whatever you want.

Mecca being the centre of Arabia the religious authority of Arabia, bring an idol to Mecca carried with it such a heavy weight. Arabs coming to Mecca from all over the peninsula for Hajj , all of them were exposed to this new bid’a (innovation in religion). It started spreading like wild fire to all corners of Arabia because it was coming from the religious centre and it was adopted by Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai who was so respected by his people.

Now it became a business in Mecca making idols and exporting to other tribes. Every tribe would come to Mecca and carry back home a replica of idol because they cannot all the time come to Mecca to ask from Hubel.

It started as small, but then the concept extended further making portable ones. They could carry it in their backpack wherever and whenever they are travelling have one with you. [if you remember the story of Omar-bin-Kattab, he was once seen crying and laughing , then he was asked ‘why you were crying and why you were laughing’

  CD03 : 00:05

Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai is the son of Luhai bin Qama`ah, one of the chiefs of the tribe of Khuzaa`ah who were the caretakers of the House of Allaah after the tribe of Jurhum, (and before the Prophet's tribe, Quraish). He was the first to change the religion of Ibraaheem (Al-Khaleel in Makkah) bringing idol worshipping to the area of Hijaaz (Western Arabia). He also called the foolish people to worship idols and offer sacrifices to them and started these ignorant rituals concerning the animals as well as other rituals of Jahiliyyah [Tafseer of Surah al-Maa’idah (5):103] Ibn Katheersaid in his Tafseer]
Ref: 01_03_01


Umar, also spelled Omar `Umar ibn Al-Khatt, Umar Son of Al-Khattab, born 579 CE – died 6 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (rulers) in history. He was a Great Sahabi (companion) of the Prophet Muhammad(saw). He succeeded Caliph Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq ("the one who distinguishes between right and wrong").He is sometimes referred to as Caliph 'Umar I by historians of Islam, since a later Umayyad caliph, 'Umar II, also bore that name.

Under Umar the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate ruling the whole Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire. His attacks against the Sassanid Persian Empire resulted in the conquest of the Persian empire in less than two years.
Ref: 01_03_04

Omar-bin-Kattab (ra) then he said ‘ the reason why I was laughing , I remember during the time of Jahiliya/Ignorance I was travelling and I wanted to pray , then I remember that I forgot to bring my god with me. Then I tried to think of an idea and I wanted to pray , I had some dates with me, I molded the dates to a form of an idol and I worshipped it. Later on I began hungry then I ate my Idol, he said that ‘so I am laughing’.  See how Islam has changed them, who was Omar-bin-Kattab (ra) and what he become after Islam  ]. These great the sahabas when we read about them and their wisdom, this the where they were, this shows you how Islam has the power to change them from being nothing to being the best, how Islam turn them in a very short period, that’s the miracle. That’s the miracle of Islam that has the capacity to bring such a people and bring about such a people such a change and make out of them these giants.

Omar-bin-Kattab, who could be the omar bin kattab with out Islam. Abbas mahmoud al akazi asked this question in his book about Omar bin Kattab, he said , Who would Omar-bin-Kattab be without Islam. He said
 

  • May be he could go and become the leader of his clan of his family Banu Uadi, very small branch of Qurish.
  • May be he could have been one of the prominent leaders of Quraish or
  • To extend it further he might be the head of Qurish , which is far fetch assumption because the other clans of Qurish who held power in the past will never allow such a thing to happen.

He said we are stretching too far to say that he would become the leader of Qurish. He said the most likely scenario, that Omar-bin-Kattab could die at his young age he use to drink a lot before Islam , so most likely he would die at his young age and Omar-bin-Kattab would have been an obscure figure of history.  But with Islam not only he become the leader of Qurish of Arabia but he become the ruler of 2/3rd of the World at that time , one of the greatest man who ever lived in the history, that was the transformation that Islam brought in their lives.

Idols were been exported and they were made in different shapes and forms; an idol for each purpose. Al-kaaba was polluted with idols 360 idols surrounding it. Shirk is now in every direction. What started with one idol imported turned now into a huge exporting business and shirks in every direction in Mecca.

That’s how the religion of Ismail (a) changed down the line. Rasulullah (saw) says, “I’ve seen Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai dragging his intestines in hell fire, because he was the first one to change the religion of Arabs.”

 This is how the idol worship was introduce in Arabia

In Islam, shirk refers to the sin of practicing idolatry or polytheism, i.e. the deification or worship of anyone or anything other than the singular God. Literally, it means the establishment of "partners" placed beside God. It is the vice that is opposed to the virtue of Tawhid (monotheism).shirk is an unforgivable crime if remained unpardoned before death: God may forgive any sin if one dies in that state except for committing shirk.
Ref: 01_03_05


The Banu Qaynuqa (also spelled Banu Kainuka, Banu Kaynuka, Banu Qainuqa, Banu Qaynuqa) was one of the three main Jewish tribes living in the 7th century of Medina, now in Saudi Arabia. In 624, the great-grandfather of Banu Qaynuqa tribe is Qaynuqa ibn Amchel ibn Munshi ibn Yohanan ibn Benjamin ibn Saron ibn Naphtali ibn Hayy ibn Moses and they are descendant of Manasseh ibn Joseph ibn Jacob ibn Isaac son of Abraham. they were expelled during the Invasion of Banu Qaynuqa, by the Islamic prophet Muhammad for allegedly breaking the treaty known as the Constitution of Medina..
Ref: 01_03_06
The Banu Qurayza were a Jewish tribe which lived in northern Arabia, at the oasis of Yathrib (presently known as Medina), until the 7th century. In February/March of 627 AD, their conflict with Muhammad(saw) led to a 25-day siege of Banu Qurayza ending in the tribe's surrender.
Ref: 01_03_08

Jews faith and Christianity

The king of Yemen, Thabbaan Asad, was travelling to do business at Sham. He passed next to Madinah and he left his son in Madinah to do business until he returned from Syria. The people of Madinah killed his son.

When Thabbaan Asad came back and heard the news that his son was killed, he decided to destroye Madinah. His army was overwhelming compared to the small armies of Madinah and he could have crushed the opposition.

  CD03 : 00:10

Two Jewish rabbis came out of Madina [At that time Jews were living in Madina], now how Jews get there in first place?

When the Romans destroyed Jerusalem, the Jews dispersed – some of them who came to Arabia searched for the Promised Land where the “Nabi” (prophet) would be sent. Their books already had signs of the awaited Prophet and were looking for the place where he would immigrate. They saw the signs in Madina, and few other places such as Hajar. This is where the Jews settled, because these places had the signs and resemblance of place that the prophet would be sent, that’s why they settled in Madina .

 Three Jewish tribes

-       Banu Qaynuqa,

-       Banu Nadhir and

-       Banu Quraidha

Settled in Madina. They were ethnically Jewish who emigrated when roman sacked Jerusalem.

 Two of the Jewish rabbis came out of Madina to see Thabbaan Asad and told him, “This place (Madinah) is protected by God. If you attempt to destroy it, Allah will destroy you.” They were able to convince Thabbaan Asad to stop the attack and Thabbaan Asad  not only agreed to withdraw his army to stop attack Madina but he  was also impressed by the religion that he became Jewish himself and invited the two Jewish rabbis to Yemen which they gladly accepted.

 On his way south, heading back to Yemen, he happened to meet with the tribe of Hawaazim – a tribe who had a problem with people of Quraish and who were waiting for the right moment create fitna (problem) and to start a divistion. They succeeded in creating problems between Thabbaan Asad and the people of Mecca. Thabbaan Asad started contemplating attacking Mecca.

 The two Jewish rabbis, accompanying Thabbaan, told him, “This is another city protected by Allah. You should not attack it. In fact you should go to Mecca and make Tawaf around Kaaba.”

 He said, “Well, then let’s go”

 “We cannot join you”, they replied.

“How come?”

 “We are scholars and it is not appropriate for us as scholars to go and make Tawaaf around Kaaba when it is surrounded by idols.”

 So Thabbaan Asad went in and made Tawaaf. He was the first person ever to clothe al-Kaaba. He would clothe it once every year in such a way that they would bring the new cloth and place it over the old. They considered the clothing of the Kaaba sacred that they can’t take them off. They would keep on piling up one cloth over the other increasing the weight on Kaaba until they realized they have to take them off replacing new one every year.

 Thabbaan Asad went to Yemen with the Jewish rabbis and they were given freedom to spread the religion among the Yemeni tribes. Many of the tribes in Yemen did embrace the Jewish Faith. Therefore, we have two types of Jews in Arabia – the ethnic ones settled in Khyber and Madina; and the other being the converted ones in Yemen. The Jews in Yemen are ethnically Arab, but they adopted the Jewish Faith. So we can see that, at some moments of time, Jews did preach their religion. And that’s how the Jewish religion spread in Yemen (Arabia)

CD03 : 00:14:45

The Banu Nadir were a Jewish tribe who lived in northern Arabia until the 7th century at the oasis of Yathrib (now known as Medina). The tribe challenged Muhammad(saw) as the leader of Medina.and planned along with allied nomads to attack Muhammad(saw) and were expelled from Medina as a result. The Banu Nadir then planned the battle of the Trench together with the Quraysh.They later participated in the battle of Khaybar
Ref: 01_03_07
Tawaf is the circumambulation seven times of the Holy Kaaba. Each circumambulation (shawt) starts from the Black Stone (al-Hajar al-Aswad). You should move off from the Black Stone counter-clockwise. Each circuit is completed when you return to the Black Stone and perform the Istilam (the kissing, touching or pointing to the Stone). On completion of seven circuits, continue to move counter-clockwise until you reach your point of exit.
There are five types of Tawaf.
    - Tawaf al-Qudum
    - Tawaf al-Ifadha
    - Tawaf al-Wadaa
    - Tawaf al-Nafl
    - Tawaf al-Umrah
Ref: 01_03_09


Sahih Muslim is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Naysaburi (rahimahullah). His collection is considered to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (), and along with Sahih al-Bukhari forms the "Sahihain," or the "Two Sahihs." It contains roughly 7500 hadith (with repetitions) in 57 books. 

Christianity:

When Isa (Jesus) (a) was sent, some of his followers dispersed in the land. Christianity was dividing into many sects at its early stage itself. Misguidance was introduced very early on in the sects of Christianity turning many of them to become disbelievers. However, there were pockets of believers here and there who were able to retain the true Christian Faith that was preached by Isa (as) – believing in the oneness of Allah and that Isa (a) was a messenger of Allah rather than being the son of God. These were the concept that was retain by some the Christians around the world

One of these men (true believers) made into Yemen and started preaching in the area of Najaraan – spreading it secretly, privately and slowly. By that time, Thabbaan Asad was dead and the king of Yemen was his son Dhu Nuwas.

News of the new religion reached the king and he banned it. He persecuted the followers.

There is a story in Saheeh Muslim of the king and the young boy. Many scholars attribute the story to Dhu Nawas and the Christians in Yemen. This story is in Saheeh Muslim we will go over it.

The king used to deal in magic and he had a sorcerer as an advisor. The sorcerer was growing old in age and he told the king, “I am getting old and might pass away soon, any moment. I need to train someone to take my place. I need to inherit my skills to someone who would carry on”.

Therefore, they tried to find a very bright and intelligent young man. They assigned him as an apprentice with this sorcerer. He was supposed to leave home very early on in the morning to go and study under the sorcerer, and come back home at night. This young man on his way towards the sorcerer saw a worship place. He heard prayers coming from it, which were different and decided to visit the place. It was a Church of Tawheed (Unity of Allah) preaching the true religion of Isa (as).

The young man was very impressed by what he was hearing, but he was supposed to be studying with the sorcerer. He asked the priest -  “What can I do?”

The priest told him, “When you leave home, visit me in the morning to study before you go to sorcerer. If the sorcerer asks how come you are late, tell him – my parents delayed me. On your back from sorcerer, visit me. When you get home and if your parents ask - how come you are late? Tell them that the sorcerer delayed me. You can take a class in the morning and another in the evening.”

The young man continued doing it for a while. One day in the market place, certain beast entered in to the market place and caused chaos among the people and No one was able to deal with it. This young man said, “Oh Allah, today I want to know whether the path of the priest or the path of the sorcerer is the truth.” Oh Allah show me the truth.  Everyone in the market place attempted to kill this beast and no one succeeded. The young man picked up the rock and said, “Oh Allah, if the path of the priest is the truth, then kill the animal.” He threw the rock successfully killing the animal immediately.

The young man went to the priest and related what happened. The priest told him, “My son, today you have attained a very high status. Therefore you will be tested.” You will go through trails.

No one can attain such a high status without being tested by Allah. In exams, the better the student the difficult the exam should be; because you want to tell the difference between the levels of the students. There are easy questions, which everyone could answer, then the medium difficulty one, followed by difficult and very difficult one to assess the grade of the student.

CD03 : 00:20:00



Similarly, Allah (swt) has brought us to this earth for a test and according to your level you will be tested. Rasulullah (saw) says, “The ones who go through the most difficult tests are the “Anbiya”, and then it goes down according to your level.”

The priest was telling the young man that he will be test and said, “when you are tested, do not disclose my name”. The priest was doing his da’wah in secret and he does not want his name to be exposed. This is not out of fear but due to the security of the da’wah,so he told him , when you go through trails do now mention my name. 

 [Down the road you will see that this priest was a very courageous man, because you might wonder that why this priest don’t want to mention his name , what he is afraid of , how come he cannot just go outside and say ‘here i am a muslim’ and i invite everybody , Why he is afraid and why he is keeping in secrete . we will see that the priest was a very courageous and very wise man]

The associate of the king was blind and he came to this young man to cure him, because the young man was the disciple of the sorcerer and is the expert. The young man told the associate, “I cannot cure you, but Allah can heal you” and he healed the man.

When the king asked the associate, who is now cured from blindness, “who cured you?”

 “Allah”, the man replied.

“And do you have a God other than me?”

“Yes, Allah is my Lord and your Lord.”

The king tortured this friend of his and told him to disclose the name of the person who taught him this. Under the persecution, he gave up the name, It is the young man or the boy. The king brought in the young man and started to torture him. The boy under duress and pain did give the name of the teacher – the priest. He could not sustain the pain and suffering that he was going through. The priest was brought in and was told by the king to give up his religion. The priest refused. So they brought a saw, placed it on top of the priest’s head and cut him into two. The priest was a courageous and wise man. He had the perseverance without giving up his religion. He was tortured brutally but he never give up his religion

They are now left with the young man. The king ordered a group of his soldiers to carry up this young man and throw him from the top of a cliff. They carried the boy, Subhanallah Allah was performing the Karamath on the hands of this boy (Karamath is the miracle that occurred to a non prophet). The young man made du’a to Allah, “Oh Allah, take care of them the way you want”. Allah (swt) made them reach to the top of the cliff and then the cliff started to shake. All of the soldiers fell down except the young man. He survived. Allah was performing karamaath on the hand of this young man. (Karamaa is a miracle that would happen to a non-prophet and mu’jiza are miracles that would happen to Prophets; but they are both supernatural events).

The young man walked back to the palace of the king, “Here I am again”. So the king appointed another group of soldiers to take the young man on a ship and to throw him deep into the water. When they were in the boat, the young man made the same du’a again, “Oh Allah, take care of them the way you want to”. The boat capsized and they all drowned except for him. He went back to safety.

CD03 : 00:25:00

He went back to king who was ready to appoint another set of soldiers to take him, when the young man told him, “Wait, you are not going to be able to kill me. Unless you do what I tell you.”

 “What is it?” asked the king.

“You tie me to a tree, gather everyone, and bring an arrow and say - Bismillah, the Lord of the boy. Then you would be able to kill me”.

The young man told him the prescription of how to kill him [This is one of the many evidences given for the justification of what is refer to as suicide bombings, that one of the evidences that given to say that it is allowed. There are restriction when it is allowed and where, but the context of a person giving up their life is allowable for the sake of Allah (swt) based on this evidence and many others] the boy did it for a noble cause and the king followed instructions publicly saying “In the name of Allah, the Lord of the boy”. The arrow hit the young man right into his head and he died immediately. The result of his death was that everyone who witnessed it became Muslim. The intention of the young man was da’wah and it very well succeeded even though it cost his life.

The advisors of the king said, “What you were afraid of happened”. The whole purpose of killing this young man was to get rid of this religion and no they are stuck with the whole nation becoming Muslim (actually its Christian who believes in the oneness of Allah).

Abu Nawas instructed his soldiers to dig trenches, fill them with wood and ignite them. Anyone who refused to give the religion forced down to the fire. The soldiers would bring loads of people and burn them alive. These people were holding firm to their faith without giving it up.

Rasulullah (saw) says there was a woman with her child, an infant, in her arms walking towards the fire but then a little hesitant thinking of her child. Then the infant spoke, “Oh mother, be patient because you are following the true path”. Hearing this she jumped to the fire with the child. Rasulullah (saw) says there are three who spoke in young age, this infant was one of them.

This story is recorded in Surathul Burooj [Chapter number 85 in Quran]- talking about the ones who are burned. Allah (swt) says in the chapter of Holy Qur’an that people were victorious. Its interesting to note that while we know they were killed, they did not establish any khilafa; it was the king who won. However, Allah (swt) says the people had a “Great Victory” because they were able to hold onto their faith until their last moment; entering Jannah is Victory, even though they did not survie in Duniya but they were able to hold firm on their religion , just like Yasser the father of Ammaar, Sumayyah, and Hamza bin Muthalib winning Jannah eventhough they lost in their temporary battle.

There was one person who survived the torment of Abu Nawas. He travelled all the way to visit the Roman emperor seeking help.

CD03 : 00:30:00



Ashama ibn Abjar was Emperor or al-Najashi of Aksum at the time of Muhammad(saw), and gave refuge to several Muslims in the Kingdom of Aksum. The term "al-Najashi" has the variant al-Negashi; it corresponds to the ancient Aksumite title Negus, with the variant Negash.
Ref: 01_03_11
There was one person who survived the torment of Abu Nawas. He travelled all the way to visit the Roman emperor seeking help.

He went to the Roman emperor because the emperor was a Christian even though they belong to different sect. By that time, Romans might  have already adopted the trinity and the divinity of Isa (as) , but they still considered themselves as followers of Isa (a). He went to seek help from the Roman emperor, the escaped person told the emperor what had happened and that they were persecuted and killed.

The Roman emperor said, “We are too far from Yemen, but what we can do is send a message to the Nejaashi – the Negus of Abyssinia – who’s also a Christian and he can help you.” So, the Roman emperor did that and sent the message to AnNejaashi in English its Negus. Based on the message received by Negus from Roman emperor, Nejaashi sent an army led by a General named Ariyaadh who fought with Dhu Nawas and invaded Yemen. Dhu Nawas, when he lost, committed suicide jumping from his horse to the Red Sea.

Now, the Abyssinians were ruling parts of Yemen. They did this as a revenge for the Christians who were killed by the Jews of Yemen. Ariyaadh ruled Yemen for a while; he was very strict. One of his army Generals, Abraha, staged a revolt against him and the Abyssinians in Yemen were divided now fighting. Group of them were with Ariyaadh and Group of them were with a new leader called Abraha.

Ariyaadh told Abraha, “If we kill each other, the people of the land will take over. So how about a one-o-one fight? A man to man , me and you” Abraha agreed, but Abraha made a secret deal with some of his security guard that “if you see me loosing, jump in and help”. Ariyaadh, a tall and thin man, and Abraha, a short and chubby man, started fighting in the middle of a huge crowd. Ariyaadh was able to strike Abraha from the top and chopped off his nose.  When that happened, the security guard jumped in and killed Ariyaadh. Abraha who was called – Abraha al-ashram – meaning Abraha the chopped off nose took over rule of Yemen.

The Arabs were so upset with Ariyaadh that they built, in the place of his death, a monument that they would stone because of his betrayal.

Abraha wanted to change the religion of the people and force them to become Christian. Since the Arabs were attached to al-Kaaba, he decided to build a counterpart to al-Kaaba in Sana in Yemen. He built a huge Cathedral called al-Qullays – a wonderful piece of art, huge and great – with access of wealth from Abyssinia to compete with al-Kaaba. One man didn’t like this idea and did something crude. He went into al-Kullais, defecated inside, spread it all over the walls and then ran away. Abraha was furious. He was so angry that he determined to get rid of al-Kaaba.
He mobilized some army and marched towards Mecca. There was some resistance along the way. One of them was the chief of tribe – Nufail – who put some resistance was defeated and captured as prisoner of war.
CD03 : 00:35:00
Abraha was a commander for the Axumite king Kaleb of Axum, who became the Aksumite Christian viceroy in southern Arabia. Abraha (also spelled Abreha) (died after AD 553 also known as 'Abraha al-Ashram  was an Ethiopian Christian viceroy in southern Arabia for the Kingdom of Aksum, and later became the King of Saba' (Yemen)
Ref: 01_03_12


 When Abraha reached at-Thayif, the people of at-Thayif assisted Abraha. One of them, Abu Rughal, offered Abraha to be a guide for the rest of the Journey. He set out with the army from at-Thayif; but then he died immediately after they step out of at-Thaayif. Arabs were so upset they build a monument on the place he died to stone him for helping out Abraha.

Abraha made it to the outskirts of Mecca and found of some shepherds with camels grazing. They took possession of these camels. Two hundred of these camels belong to Abdul Muthalib, the grand father of Rasulullah (saw). Abdul Muthalib came out of Mecca to meet with Abraha using some connections. Abdul Muthalib happened to be a friend of Nufail, the prisoner of war. Nufail was carried along with the army and had befriended with a man called Unais who was an important person in the army – the pilot of the elephant. At that time, elephants were one of the most important pieces of equipment in the army. So Abdul Muthalib came to Nufail and told him he wants to speak with Abraha. Nufail said he will arrange a meeting through Unais.

Unais arranged the meeting with Abraha who welcomed Abdul Muthalib. Anyone would be impressed by the strong physique of Abdul Muthalib; he was described as being a strong person. When Abdul Muthalib walked in, Abraha hold him in high esteem even though they didn’t even talk yet. The rule is Abraha sits on a very high throne and people sit under his feet. However, when Abraha saw Abdul Muthalib, he didn’t feel comfortable at all having Abdul Muthalib sit under him, but he could not allow Abdul Muthalib sit with him on the throne because no body could sit on the throne except he. So what he did is he come down from his throne and sat with Abdul Muthalib on the floor. He told the interpreter to ask Abdul Muthalib – what does he need?

Abdul Muthalib straight ahead told the interpreter, “Abraha has taken possession of two hundred of my camels. I want them back”. Abraha responded and said, “When I saw, I had so much respect for you. But I have lost it all. I am coming to destroy your honour and the honour of your fathers. I am coming to destroy the centre of your livelihood – the Kaaba and your asking me about camels?”

“I am the owner of the camels. So, I am responsible for them. And this house belongs to Allah and Allah will protect it.” Abdul Muthalib responded. I am here to ask what is under my protection under my responsibility but the house is belongs to Allah, Allah will take care of it and Allah will protect it.

Abraha said, “Give him back his camels”.

Abdul Muthalib went back to Mecca and he told the people of Mecca, “Do not fight. Withdraw out of Mecca.” Abdul Muthalib gave clear instruction that we are not going to fight with Abraha. They all went up to the mountains. Abdul Muthalib was the last one to leave and before he left, he was hanging on the door of al-Kaaba. He was praying to Allah (swt) to protect His house and then he left.  So everyone evacuated Mecca

Abraha issued instructions for his army to march forth, but the elephant refused to move. They turned the elephant to different directions, he would stand up running. They turn him towards the direction of Mecca, he would sit down. This is a miracle from Allah.
CD03 : 00:40:00




Its also said in the story that the prisoner of war, Nufail, released himself from his chains and he jumped to the ear of the elephant and said, “This is the house of Allah, do not attack it” and he ran away. Whether that was the reason or not, the elephant refused to March forward to the direction of Kaaba. They would beat it and start poking it with their spears making it bleed. It still refused to move. Eventually they decided to leave behind the elephant.

They made their move forward without the elephant. Allah (SWT) sent on them an army of birds. No one knows the soldiers of Allah. Anything can be the soldiers of Allah. Water which is the source of life killed the tyrant pharaoh (Firaoun). Wind is the soldier of Allah. Allah (SWT) says no one knows His soldiers but Him. The army of birds carried missiles that were sent on the army of Abraha destroying all of them. This event is recorded in Surathul Feel (chapter of the elephant).

Surat Al-Fīl (The Elephant)  Chapter - 105



Have you not considered, [O Muhammad], how your Lord dealt with the companions of the elephant?
Did He not make their plan into misguidance?
And He sent against them birds in flocks,
Striking them with stones of hard clay,
And He made them like eaten straw.


And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him


These are the events up to the year when Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wassalam was born. He was born in the year of the elephant.

CD03 : END