Bismillah

THE LIFE OF 

MUHAMMAD
(Sallalahu Alayhe Wassalam) 

THE MAKKAN PERIOD 


Part - 5



Khadija:She was the first person to Accept Islam.  Khadija's grandfather, Asad ibn Abd-al-Uzza, was the progenitor of the Asad clan of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca. Her father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad, who died c.585,was a merchant. Her mother, Fatima bint Za'idah, who died around 575, was a member of the Amir ibn Luayy clan of the Quraysh and a distant relative of Muhammad.
Ref:01_05_01

Marriage of Rasulullah(saw) to Khadija (rah) , Khadija was a well known and prosperous Women in Mecca , she was wealthy , she was older in Age and she use to hire man to travel for her and do business because the trade of the people of Mecca is based on Travelling to Yemen and Syria [Shyam]

Allah(swt) describe’s that in the chapter Qurish in Al-Quran

 
For the accustomed security of the Quraysh - Their accustomed security [in] the caravan of winter and summer


Surat Quraysh (Quraysh)  Chapter 106


They had a journey of Winter and the journey of Summer , one to Yemen and other one to Shyam.

Khadija(rah) would hire the men to work for her business. She happen to hire Mohammed (saw) she heard about his honesty and she was running in to trouble with lot of men  for not been honest so she wanted to hire someone who is trustworthy , she heard about Mohammed (saw) so she hired him. She made her servant by name Misara to accompany Mohammed (saw) during business trips. Mohammed (saw) went to As-Shaym did some business for her and returned back. Misara reported to Khadija(rah)  (his master) that , this man’s trustworthiness and honesty is Amazing and Outstanding, he was praising Mohammed (saw) .  Khadija(rah)  become very interested in Mohammed (saw), his character was Admirable. Khadija (rah) who was a wealthy women, Many noble men of Qurish were interested to marry Khadija but she wants to marry Mohammed (saw) .Mohammed (saw) agreed Khadija’s proposal to marry her.  Mohammed (saw) was 25 years old and she was 40 years of age , the difference was 15 years.  Mohammed (saw) never married any one before Khadija (rah) passed away , 

All of the surviving Children of Rasulullah(saw) was from Khadija(rah).

Khadija(rah)  bore six children for him

  1. “Zainab”,
  2. ”Ruqaiya”,
  3. ”Umm Kulthum”,
  4. ”Fatima” ,
  5. ”Qasim” and
  6. “Abdullah”,

none of them had any descendent except Fatima (rah) , that is the lineage of Rasulullah(saw) continued through Fatima (rah) and Ali-ibn-Talib (ra).  

Rasulullah(saw) loved Khadija (rah) so much and kept his loyalty to Khadija (rah) even after she passed away. He(saw) was always remember her and always mention her name, that cause the jealousy among the other wives of Rasulullah(saw)Rasulullah(saw) had so much love , admiration and respect for her because Khadija (rah) is the one who stood up for him and supported him when everybody betrayed Mohammed (saw). Ayesha (rah) who was the most beloved wife to Rasulullah(saw) after Khadija (rah) , she sometimes feels the jealousy.

Sahih Muslim >> The Book of the Merits of the Companions
(12) Chapter: The Virtues Of Khadijah, The Mother Of The Believers (rah)


Narrated Aisha (rah)
Never did I feel jealous of any wife amongst the wives of Allah's Apostle (saw) as I feel in case of Khadija (though I had never seen her), for he praised her very often.


Reference     : Sahih Muslim 2435 d
In-book reference     : Book 44, Hadith 110
USC-MSA web (English) reference     : Book 31, Hadith 5974
  (deprecated numbering scheme)

http://sunnah.com/muslim/44/110



The Messenger of Allah (saw) use to slaughter a sheep and send it to the friends of Khadija (rah) , he (saw) not only remember her but also he continued to maintain the relationship with the friends of Khadija  (rah). One day Ayesha(rah) angered Rasulullah(saw) when he (saw) replied that “I have been given by Allah her Khadija” once he mentioned the name of Khadija , Ayesha was upset  then he(saw) replied that “this is some thing from Allah” I was given her love .  This is not something that I control but Allah had put her love in my heart.

Part 05 : 00:04:40


Juwayriyya bint al-Harith (rah): She was the daughter of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar, the chief of Banu Mustaliq, who was defeated with his tribe in a battle. She was a wife of Muhammad (saw), and a Mother of the Believers. She married Muhammad (saw) in 628.
Ref:01_05_03
Sawda bint Zam'aa (rah) : Sawda bint Zam'a was the first woman to emigrate to Abyssinia with her first husband As-Sakran bin Amr, after being persecuted by the polytheists of Mecca. Her husband died either on the way back to Mecca or after arriving. Sakran left Abyssinia by sea with Waqqas to preach. Sawda and Sakran had a son, Abdur Rahman ibn Sakran, who was killed in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD.
Rasulullah(saw) gave permission to Khawla to speak to Abu Bakr and to Sawda on the subject of their marriage. Rasulullah(saw) married her in Shawwal, in the tenth year of His Prophethood. 
In another hadith narrated by Ahmed and Thirmidi , Aisha (rah) said , The Messenger of Allah(saw) use to not leaving house without praising Khadija (rah) , which is amazing that the love Rasulullah(saw) had for her. One of these days he praised her , and out of jealousy I said ,was she not but an elder women that Allah has replaced her for you with what is better, He(saw) become anger and said NO by Allah, he did not replaced me with any one better.

•    She had faith in me when people rejected.
•    She belived me when people dis-belived me ,
•    She made comfortable with what she had when people denied me and Allah has blessed me with children from her.

Rasulullah(saw) would become angry when he hear anything against Khadija (rah) , this shows the aspect of the personality of Rasulullah(saw), his loyalty to the people who are close to him. This is years after Khadija (rah) passed away , normally an opportunist person will forget once the person has gone and that’s the end of the relationship but Rasulullah(saw) would always remember his old friends , relatives like

•    Hamza bin abdul Mutalib(ra) ,
•    Khadija (rah),
•    Musa bin Umair (ra).

Before 
Rasulullah(saw) passed away one of the last thing he did was he visited the cemetery of his friends who died in the battle of Uhad. 70 companions died in the battle of Uhad , when Rasulullah(saw) felt that he will be leaving this world soon he went to cemetery and pray (make dua) for them, the dua includes is

 “soon we will meet”,

Rasulullah(saw) was missing them so much and asking Allah(swt) to bring him with them and join them together in Jannah (paradise) .

Rasulullah(saw) had this strong relationship and loyalty with the sahaba , he never forgot his wife Khadija(rah), who stood with him in the moments of difficulties, he never forgot that , he will continuously make dua for her and mention her name.  Khadija was a special person, when she was living Jibreel (as) descended on Mohammed(saw) and said ‘Khadija is going to approach you now and she is carrying some food’ , when she arrives tell her that Allah is giving her ‘salam’ and tell her that  I am giving her salaam , then Jibreel(as) told Rasulullah(saw) give her the glad tidings of a palace in paradise  that is how special Khadija (rah) was.

Khadija(rah) was one of the four greatest women that ever lived, 
Rasulullah(saw) said that the greatest Women that ever set foot on the face of the earth are four
•    Mariam bint Imran
•    Khadija bint Khwayled
•    Fatima bint Mohammed
•    Asia bint muzahm

Jami` at-Tirmidhi  Chapters on Virtues

Narrated Anas [may Allah be pleased with him]:
that the Prophet (saw) said: "Sufficient for you among the women of mankind are Mariam bint 'Imran, Khadijah bint Khuwailid, Fatimah bint Muhammad and Asiyah the wife of Fir'awn."



Jami` at-Tirmidhi  Chapters on Virtues –  Grade    : Sahih (Darussalam)   
English reference     : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3878
Arabic reference     : Book 49, Hadith 4252




These are the greatest women the greatest among them is Mariyam (as) the verse in Quran


Surat 'Ali `Imran (Family of Imran)  Chapter 3: Verse 42

Sahih International
And [mention] when the angels said, "O Mary, indeed Allah has chosen you and purified you and chosen you above the women of the worlds.

Muhsin Khan
And (remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).

The 2nd greatest Women is Khadija (rah) followed by 3rd greatest Women is Fatima bint Mohammed and 4th is Asia bint Muzahm (wife of the Pharaoh).

All of these four women had something to do with a Nabi (Prophet) , two of them are mothers of Anbiya (Prophet), Mariyam (as) brought up Isa (as) and Aisa (as) brought up Musa (as)  .  Khadija was the wife of a Nabi (Prophet) and Fatima was a daughter of a Nabi (prophet).

Rasulullah(saw) reached the age of 25 , he is known as been chaste  in the environment that is corrupt. [The reason to point this is that some of the professional enemies of Islam try to attach Rasulullah(saw) in his marriage life, they talk lot about he(saw) married Aisha (ra) , he(saw) married 12 women] Lets look at the marriage life of Rasulullah(saw), lets study it.

1) 
Rasulullah(saw) reaches to the age of 25 in an environment where the zina/adultery/fornication was wide spread.

The hadith of Aisha(rah) in bukhari which stats about the four different types of relationship that existed between men and women.

  1. Traditional Marriage
  2. Brothels that were legal in mecca , that had flags on top of them as signs for anyone interested for this corrupt behaviour
  3. Women with sleep with group of men that could go up to 10 , then if she become pregnant and deliver the child then she will call these men in and pick them any one of them and say you are the father of this child
  4. A strange relationship where man will allow his wife to sleep with a noble man in order to have some noble lineage. 
It was corrupt environment, Rasulullah(saw) was able to fight the tide and stay away from all of this corruption all the way.

Sahih al-Bukhari  -  Book of Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)
Chapter: Whoever said, "A marriage is not valid except through the Wali."

Narrated 'Urwa bin Az-Zubair:

'Aishah(rah), the wife of the Prophet (saw) told him that there were four types of marriage during Pre-Islamic period of Ignorance.
One type was similar to that of the present day i.e. a man used to ask somebody else for the hand of a girl under his guardianship or for his daughter's hand, and give her Mahr and then marry her.

The second type was that a man would say to his wife after she had become clean from her period. "Send for so-and-so and have sexual intercourse with him." Her husband would then keep awy from her and would never sleep with her till she got pregnant from the other man with whom she was sleeping. When her pregnancy became evident, he husband would sleep with her if he wished. Her husband did so (i.e. let his wife sleep with some other man) so that he might have a child of noble breed. Such marriage was called as Al-Istibda'.

Another type of marriage was that a group of less than ten men would assemble and enter upon a woman, and all of them would have sexual relation with her. If she became pregnant and delivered a child and some days had passed after delivery, she would sent for all of them and none of them would refuse to come, and when they all gathered before her, she would say to them, "You (all) know waht you have done, and now I have given birth to a child. So, it is your child so-and-so!" naming whoever she liked, and her child would follow him and he could not refuse to take him.

The fourth type of marriage was that many people would enter upon a lady and she would never refuse anyone who came to her. Those were the prostitutes who used to fix flags at their doors as sign, and he who would wished, could have sexual intercourse with them. If anyone of them got pregnant and delivered a child, then all those men would be gathered for her and they would call the Qa'if (persons skilled in recognizing the likeness of a child to his father) to them and would let the child follow the man (whom they recognized as his father) and she would let him adhere to him and be called his son. The man would not refuse all that. But when Muhammad (saw) was sent with the Truth, he abolished all the types of marriages observed in pre-Islamic period of Ignorance except the type of marriage the people recognize today.




Reference     : Sahih al-Bukhari 5127
In-book reference: Book 67, Hadith 63
USC-MSA web (English) reference     : Vol. 1, Book 62, Hadith 58
(deprecated numbering scheme)
http://sunnah.com/bukhari/67/63



2) At the age of 25 He(saw) chooses the women who is 15 years older than himself and she is a Widowed or Divorced, Rasulullah(saw) being from the noble family of baniHashim , he could have chosen for himself any women he wanted in mecca.

If he would have interested in the desire , he would have chosen for himself a young women to marry rather then marring a lady who is 15 years older then him, Khadija (rah) was 40 years old when 
Rasulullah(saw) married her.

3)    
Rasulullah(saw) remains with Khadija(rah) until he reaches the age of 50 , the age that a men haves a strong desire over women would be from young age to around age of 50. That’s the age of the man to have his strong desire. Rasulullah(saw) to remain in marriage with khadija (rah) in a very happy marriage and it was not reported at all that Rasulullah(saw) had any intention of marring anybody else , did’nt even contemplate the idea . The happy marriage life of Rasulullah(saw) with Khadija (rah) for 25 years is a clear indication that Rasulullah(saw) had none of those thoughts in his minds.

Khadija (rah) passes away , 
Rasulullah(saw) remain as a bachelor for about 2 to 3 years, later on he marries another widow Sayeeda Saudah (rah) , the reasons for him marring Saudah (rah) because Saudah (rah) was in Abysinia , she came back to Mecca and her husband passed away , Rasulullah(saw) out of his care for his companion he married her.  Husband died and she did not have any one to provide for her , Rasulullah(saw) marries her and she was very old in age , later on in Madina Saudah (rah) ended up giving up her night to Aisha (rah) because of her old age

Sunan Abi Dawud » Book of Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah) » Hadith
Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah)

Narrated Hisham b. 'Urwah:
On the authority of his father that 'Aishah said: O my nephew, the Messenger of Allah (saw) did not prefer one of us to the other in respect of his division of the time of his staying with us. It was very rare that he did not visit us any day (i.e. he visited all of us every day). He would come near each of his wives without having intercourse with her until he reached the one who had her day and passed his night with her. When Saudah daughter of Zam'ah became old and feared that the Messenger of Allah (saw) would divorce her, she said: Messenger of Allah, I give to 'Aishah the day you visit me. The Messenger of Allah (saw) accepted it from her. She said: We thing that Allah, the Exalted, revealed about this or similar matter the Qur'anic verse: "If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part...." [4:128]."




Sunan Abi Dawud » Book of Marriage (Kitab Al-Nikah) » Hadith
Grade    : Hasan Sahih (Al-Albani)
Reference     : Sunan Abi Dawud 2135
In-book reference     : Book 12, Hadith 90
English translation     : Book 11, Hadith 2130
2
http://sunnah.com/abudawud/12/90
Surat An-Nisa' (The Women) 4:128


Sahih International
And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of settlement between them - and settlement is best. And present in [human] souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear Allah - then indeed Allah is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

Muhsin Khan
And if a woman fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part, there is no sin on them both if they make terms of peace between themselves; and making peace is better. And human inner-selves are swayed by greed. But if you do good and keep away from evil, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do.


Suddenly the last 10 years of Rasulullah(saw) married many women to the extent that when he died he left behind 9 Widows ,so how come this stage from the age of 25 to 50 only married Khadija (rah) but then within the last 10 years of his life [2 to 3 years after Khadija (rah) passed away he was bachelor] he married and leaves behind 9 widows , what would be the reason

i)    Forge alliances with different Tribes, When we study the life of 
Rasulullah(saw) we must look at this life comprehensively . The Messenger of Allah (saw) devoted all of his efforts underline all , for the promotion of Islam. Everything that he would do even the decision in marriage would be on the base of benefit of Islam , whatever that Rasulullah(saw) did in his life, the intention of it to promote the religion of Allah. He would not do anything purely to satisfy his human desire. He would do it to please Allah (az Zaujal) , therefore we need to look at his marriage life in this light . He married few of his wives to forge alliance with different tribes , bring them closer to Islam like his marriage with Juwairiya (rah) it ended up the whole trip of banu mustaliq in becoming Muslim.

ii)    Caring for his companions (his followers) like Saudha (rah)

iii)    
Rasulullah(saw) wanted to strengthen his ties with his closest companions , he had very strong brotherly feeling towards his companions and there were special group among them with whom Rasulullah(saw) wanted to have a stronger relationship that only to have Islamic brotherhood and also to add family ties.

For someone who did not experience the Islamic brotherhood , its difficult for them to appreciate this , what if you have lived like 
Rasulullah(saw) with his companions for 23 years , what bond will develop between them .  Subhanallah they were together in the moments of ease and in the moments of difficulties, on the battle field , in the times of peace , they will eat together , they will travel together .  The relationship that Rasulullah(saw) had with sahaba (Companions) was so strong (we will discuss in details about this relationship in our Madina Era, especially when Rasulullah(saw) passed away the feeling of loss its something that we cannot describe ). In order to maintain the close relationship between him and his close companions

(a)    He(saw) married the daughter of Abu-bkr(ra) ,
(b)    He(saw) married the daughter of Omar-bin-Khattab (ra),
(c)    He married his daughter to Othman-bin-Affan(ra), when this daughter passed away he married another of his daughter to Othman-bin-Affan(ra) and she also passed away then Rasulullah(saw) said if i had 99 daughters i will marry them to Othman-bin-Affan one after another. Rasululllah(Saw) wanted to have this relationship between him and Othman-bin-Affan (ra)
(d)    He (saw) married most beloved daughter Fatima (rah) to Ali-bin-abiTalib (ra).
These marriages is to have the family relationship between him and 4 caliphs [Abu-bkr, Omar, Othaman, Ali]


iv)    Conveying the Religion , we are to follow the sunnah of 
Rasulullah(saw) , he had the sunnah as a statesmen, a sunnah as a teacher , sunnah as a Imam, sunnah as a military leader, he had the sunnah as a family man. Now we had 100s of his companions to convey his sunnah as statesmen , as amilitary leader, as a teacher, as an Imam but how do we have to tell us about his family life? . Rasulullah(saw) did not had lot of children that survived him except Fatima(rah), so who will convey us his family life? IT HIS WIVES.

 If 
Rasulullah(saw) only had one wife ,

•    first of all it would be difficult for this one wife to re-call every aspects of the family life of 
Rasulullah(saw)
•    she could be easily discredited , because its from only one source.  We know that enemies of Islam attack Abu-Hurayra(ra)  because the know that if they discredited Abu-Hurayra(ra) they can completely destroy over 5000 of sayings of 
Rasulullah(saw),


Part 05- 20:00
banu mustaliq: The Banu al Mustaliq, allied to the Quraish of Mecca, were the subject to a pre-emptive attack by Muhammad (saw) in the month of Sha'ban of the year 626 (5 AH). Muhammad (saw) had received news that the tribe was gathering together against the Muslims under the leadership of al-Harith ibn Abi Dirar. The Muslim force met the Banu Mustaliq in battle at a watering place called al-Muraysi‘ and defeated them soundly, taking the Mustaliq chief, al-Harith and others captive.
Ref:01_05_02


umm Salama (ra) : Her real name was Hind bint Abu Umayyah who became famous by the name Umm Salamah. She was noble by birth, intelligent, learned, wise and skillful. She was first married to 'Abdullah bin 'Abdul Asad Makhzumi known as Abu Salamah.Umm Salamah was  one of the earliest converts to Islam. Her mother was 'Atikah bint 'Amer bin Rabi'ah bin Malik bin Khazimah. She was married to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in 4 AH at the age of twenty nine, after her first husband, Abdullah ibn Abdul Asad, had died from the wounds he had received while fighting at the battle of Uhud) Ref:01_05_05
Umm Habiba (ra) : Also known as Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and Safiyyah bint Abi al-'As.  Her first husband was Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh, a brother of Zaynab bint Jahsh, whom Muhammad(saw) married in 627.  Ubayd-Allah and Ramla were among the first people to accept Islam. In 616, in order to avoid hostilities from Quraish, they both emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), where she gave birth to her daughter, Habibah bint Ubayd-Allah.Also known as Ramla bint Abi Sufyan, She was the daughter of Abu Sufyan ibn Harb and Safiyyah bint Abi al-'As.  Her first husband was Ubayd-Allah ibn Jahsh, a brother of Zaynab bint Jahsh, whom Muhammad(saw) married in 627.  Ubayd-Allah and Ramla were among the first people to accept Islam. In 616, in order to avoid hostilities from Quraish, they both emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), where she gave birth to her daughter, Habibah bint Ubayd-Allah. Ubayd-Allah later converted to Christianity. He tried to persuade Ramla to do the same, but she held on to Islam. His conversion led to their separation. They all continued to live in Abyssinia until Ubayd-Allah's death in 627.  Muhammad(saw) sent Ramla a proposal of marriage, which arrived on the day she completed her idda (widow's waiting period). The Negus (King) of Abyssinia sent his wardrobe-mistress, Abraha, to carry the message. Ramla gladly accepted the proposal, and gave her silver bangles and rings as a gift to the messenger(saw). Ubayd-Allah later converted to Christianity. He tried to persuade Ramla to do the same, but she held on to Islam. His conversion led to their separation. They all continued to live in Abyssinia until Ubayd-Allah's death in 627.  Muhammad(saw) sent Ramla a proposal of marriage, which arrived on the day she completed her idda (widow's waiting period). The Negus (King) of Abyssinia sent his wardrobe-mistress, Abraha, to carry the message. Ramla gladly accepted the proposal, and gave her silver bangles and rings as a gift to the messenger(saw).
Ref:01_05_07
This happen before, there was an attack on Abu Hurayra(ra) . The family life of Rasulullah(saw) is one of the most important aspect of sunnah because it relates to everyone of us. Not every one will be an Imam, Military Leader or Statesmen, Teacher but almost every one in the ummah will be the member of a family. So how would the learn on how to conduct their lives as the members of the family without receiving the information about how Rasulullah(saw) was a family man. Therefore he (saw) had many wives so they would convey to us this body of knowledge ofhow Rasulullah(saw) acted in his private life,

Many of the sunnan relating to
  • How Rasulullah(saw) treated his wives ,
  • How he treated his servants, 
  • How he eat , how he dressed, 
  • How he spend his time at home. 
  • His ibadah(worship) at night

its all convey to us by the wives of Rasulullah(saw) , its not only limited to the section of family sunnah but its also related to Ibadha (his nights prayer) this was known to us through the wives of Rasulullah(saw)

Having multiple wives
  1. They compensate each other [When one of them forget then other will remember],
  2. The information comes from many chain of narrations [more than one sources]
  3. It becomes impossible to dis-credit [because more than one person involved, this is extremely important for us, remember , Allah(swt) has sent Mohammed(saw) as a living embodiment of Quran, therefore Allah(swt) granted that his (saw) sunnah will reach to us.  Because its a promise of Allah to protect Quran]  The protection of the Quran is not only the way that the Quran will be protected but also part of the interpretation of Rasululllah(saw) will survive , this was done through sahaba (rahm) and most important thing through the wives of Rasulullah (saw) .

It is very critical for the ummah that Rasulullah(saw) has multiple wives. That’s why he was excluded from the ruling of having 4 or less wives. Allah(swt) allowed him to have more because of the special circumstances of Mohammed(saw) , this was done and destine by Allah(swt)  as a protection of his religion.
Two most controversial marriage of Rasulullah(saw), His marriage to Aisha(ra) and Zainab bint jahsh (ra)

These are the most Targeted marriages of 
Rasulullah(saw) , not much compliant from enemies of Islam on his(saw) other marriages to umm Salama (ra) , Umm Habiba (ra) or Saudha (ra) but there are lot of attack directed to his (saw) marriage to Aisha (ra) and Zainab bint jahsh(ra).

The attack to these marriages of Rasulullah(saw) because he (saw) married Aisha (ra) at the age of 6 and the marriage was consummated at the age of 9 and Zainab bint jahsh(Ra) was married to his Adopted son and then Rasulullah(saw) married her later on.

Lets look at these two particular cases

SubhanAllah , These two particular marriages that are targeted are the only marriages of Rasulullah(saw) that are divinely instructed. None of the marriages of Rasululllah(saW) was instructed by Allah (swt) except this two.

His(saw) marriage to Zainab (ra) is instructed by Allah(swt) in Quran chapter Ahza’b.

Surat 'Al-Ahza'b (The Combined Forces)  Chapter 33: Verse 37

Sahih International
And [remember, O Muhammad], when you said to the one on whom Allah bestowed favor and you bestowed favor, "Keep your wife and fear Allah ," while you concealed within yourself that which Allah is to disclose. And you feared the people, while Allah has more right that you fear Him. So when Zayd had no longer any need for her, We married her to you in order that there not be upon the believers any discomfort concerning the wives of their adopted sons when they no longer have need of them. And ever is the command of Allah accomplished..

Muhsin Khan
And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Harithah, the freedslave of the Prophet SAW) on whom Allah has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islam) and you (O Muhammad SAW too) have done favour (by manumitting him) "Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allah." But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allah had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allah's Command must be fulfilled. .
This is a clear command from Allah(swt) to Rasulullah(saw) , when Zayd left her we commanded to marry her
And the marriage of Rasulullah(saw) to Aisha(ra) was divinely inspired through the dream of Rasulullah(saw) saw , This dream is mentioned in Bukhari  “Rasululllah(Saw) says , “Jibril (as) came to me and I saw you (Aisha) covered behind a silk curtain, and when I would uncover you I saw you and Jibril told me ‘this is your wife in Dunyah and in Akhirah’.” And he saw this dream twice, and as we know all dreams of the prophets are revelations and true”. The Marriage of Rasulullah(saw) to Aisha(rah) and Zainab (rah) was instructed by Allah.

Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah) » Hadith
Wedlock, Marriage (Nikaah)


Narrated `Aisha(rah):
Allah's Messenger (saw) said (to me), "You have been shown to me twice in (my) dreams. A man was carrying you in a silken cloth and said to me, 'This is your wife.' I uncovered it; and behold, it was you. I said to myself, 'If this dream is from Allah, He will cause it to come true.' "



Reference     : Sahih al-Bukhari 5078
In-book reference     : Book 67, Hadith 16
USC-MSA web (English) reference     : Vol. 7, Book 62, Hadith 15
 (deprecated numbering scheme)
http://sunnah.com/bukhari/67/16


.
Ref:01_05_09
Saudha (ra) : Sawda bint Zam'a, may Allah be pleased with her had been the first woman to immigrate to Abyssinia in the way of Allah , with her first husband As-Sakran bin Amr. Her husband died either on the way back to Mecca or after arriving.  Sawda and Sakran had a son, Abdur Rahman ibn Sakran, who was killed in the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD.  Muhammad(saw) gave permission to Khawla to speak to Abu Bakr and to Sawda on the subject of their marriage. Muhammad married her in Shawwal, in the tenth year of His Prophethood
Zainab bint jahsh(ra) : was a cousin and wife of Muhammad(saw).  Zaynab's father was Jahsh ibn Riyab, an immigrant from the Asad ibn Khuzayma tribe who had settled in Mecca under the protection of the Umayya clan. Her mother was Umama bint Abdulmuttalib, a member of the Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe and a sister of Muhammad's father.  Zaynab died during the caliphate of Umar bin Khattab(ra), being the first of Muhammad (saw)  widows to die after him.
Ref:01_05_08


There are two types of people who attack this.

1)     First type is the Muslims with weak faith. They say ‘how come Rasulullah(saw) could do this’ .  They don’t understand that this was not from Rasulullah(saw) itself, but it was the Command from Allah(swt) .

As a Muslims do you believe in the command of Muslims or not? , its an exceptional situation that is not allowed for anybody and its not part of Rasulullah(saw) (ie) we cannot marry more then four.   And also this Situation of Aisha (rah) is not allowed for us.  It was an exception that was allowed to Rasulullah(saw) for particular reason we will discuss about.

For Muslims this would be the response.  This is divinely commanded by Allah and we do not have the rights to question them. [This was not something that was initiated by Mohammed(Saw)]

2)     For Non-Muslims who are attacking Rasulullah(saw) with horrible accusation, the response would be
Their problem is not really that Rasulullah marrying to Aisha but your problem is you don’t believe that he is a messenger of Allah.   You don’t believe that he was receiving revelations.  This issue of Aisha is just a front in order to attack Islam. Even if Rasulullah(saw) did’nt do it , they would still be attacking. You can still say that this is divinely instructed then they would response how convenient to say it, whenever something strange then they say God commanded it.

That would be the response, when they attack to these particular marriages then say ‘god commanded him to do this’.

The response will be that “we need to discuss the issue of whether Rasulullah(saw) was a prophet of Allah or not?
Then this will settle the argument, if he is the prophet of Allah , then we don’t have any rights to question what Allah(swt) told him to do (ie) if this is established that he was the messenger of Allah , then what ever Allah told him to do we should accept it.   For ex: If Allah(swt) told one of us to stand against the Wall with one feet until we die , then we don’t have the rights to question it, because God is the one who is instructing us. Who am I?, to go against what my creator told me to do. Allah(swt) owes nothing to us and we owes everything to him.   Therefore if something is instructed by Allah, then I don’t have to understand why it is I am instructed to do this but i just have to do it.

The conclusion is the enemies of Islam will continue to attack Rasulullah(saw) even this marriage had not happen because they don’t believe in Islam , they don’t believe that Mohammed(saw) is a messenger of Allah. They don’t believe that he was receiving revelation from Allah.  It is pointless to argue the issue of Aisha (Ra) because there is a major problem (i.e.) they don’t accept him altogether, that will take us back to the same accusation what people of Qurysh use to throw at Mohammed(saw) ,

Allah(AzZaujal ) revealed.


Surat Al-'An`am (The Cattle))  Chapter 06: Verse 33

Sahih International
.We know that you, [O Muhammad], are saddened by what they say. And indeed, they do not call you untruthful, but it is the verses of Allah that the wrongdoers reject.

Muhsin Khan
We know indeed the grief which their words cause you (O Muhammad SAW): it is not you that they deny, but it is the Verses (the Quran) of Allah that the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) deny. 
These are the attack to Mohammed(Saw) because he is the messenger of Allah..


Amr bin Al Aas (ra) : was an Arab military commander who is most noted for leading the Muslim conquest of Egypt in 640. A contemporary of Muhammad (saw), and one of the Sahaba ("Companions"), who rose quickly through the Muslim hierarchy following his conversion to Islam in the year 8 AH (629). He founded the Egyptian capital of Fustat and built the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As at its center.
Ref:01_05_09
Abu
Hurayra (ra): also known as `Abd al-Rahman ibn Sakhr Al-Azdi, Abu Hurairah spent 3 years in the company of the Prophet(Saw), and went on expeditions and journeys with him(saw),  It is estimated that he narrated around 5,375 ahadith.  Abu Hurairah was born in Baha, Yemen into the Banu Daws tribe from the region of Tihamah on the coast of the Red Sea. His father had died, leaving him with only his mother and no other relatives. His name at birth was Abd al-Shams (servant of the sun). However, as a child, he had a cat and became known as "Abu Hurairah" (which literally means "Father of the Kitten" or more idiomatically "Of the kitten"). Abu Hurairah embraced Islam through Tufayl ibn Amr(Ra) the chieftain of his tribe.  Tufayl(ra) had returned to his village after meeting Muhammad(saw) and become a Muslim in the early years of his mission. Abu Hurairah was one of the first to respond to his call, unlike the majority of Tufayl's tribesmen
Ref:01_05_12
How come the marriage of Rasulullah(saw) to Aisha (rah) is so important , One of the greatest blessing of Allah(swt) on us (Muslims) is that Rasulullah(saw) married Aisha, some people have doubts in their hearts about this particular marriage due to the fact that Rasulullah(saw) married to Aisha who is 6 years old , they do not realize that it would have been a disaster on the ummah (Islamic Nation) if Rasulullah(saw) did not marry Aisha(rah).  It is one of the best thing that happen to us (Muslims) .  Aisha(rah) had a mind of a Scholar , very bright mind, very intelligent and she had an inquisitive nature , she (rah) describe herself and says “The Companion of Rasulullah(saw) use to here the hadith of Rasulullah(saw) and they immediately follow it, while i will ask Rasulullah(saw) questions about it.  Aisha(rah) being the wife of Rasulullah(saw) and being the most beloved wife among his wives , had this informal relationship with Rasulullah(saw) so she could offered to question him and ask him ,while other due to the respect to Rasulullah(saw) they would not have dare to do that.  Somebody who have intimate relationship with Rasulullah(saw) to  able to ask questions  and to enquire about certain statements of Rasulullah(saw).

Amr  bin Aas(ra) , he lRef:01_05_09oved Rasulullah(saw) so much that he said “if you asked me to describe Rasululllah(Saw) I would not do so, because i had so much love, admiration and respect for him that I lived with him for years but i could not even look straight to the Eye of Rasulullah(saw) because of the deep respect i had with Rasulullah(saw).

But Aisha (rah) being very young and play full at that age had very close relationship with Rasulullah(saw) ,when Rasululllah(Saw) say something she will question and with this close relationship she will argue with Rasulullah(saw) to clear the details of his saying , no one could afford to do this. We learn so much because of that . Addition to this Aisha(rah) had the mind of a Scholar and she become one of the greatest Scholar of Islam , among the top seven narrators of Hadiths Aisha(rah) comes number four.

No. 1 Abu-Hurayra (ra) narrated 5000+ Hadiths
No. 2 Abdullah ibn Omar (ra) narrated 2600 Hadiths
No. 3 Anas ibn Malik (ra) narrated 2300+ Hadiths
No. 4 Aisha (rah) narrated 2200 Hadiths

The difference between the rank 2,3,4 is not much, Abu-Hurayra(ra) is the one outstanding, he is almost double of the second place.

Open any book of Fiqh , it is impossible to study any book of Fiqh without going through the name of Aisha(rah), her narrations and her opinions in Fiqh.  In any Fiqh Hanafee, Shafee, Hanbali, Maliki the knowledge of Aisha(rah) is there.

We have learned so much from Aisha(rah) it was the destiny of Allah(swt) that Rasulullah(saw) will marry Aisha(rah) . Just it was a Devine inspiration to Rasulullah(saw) , may be he did not think about it before and it was surprise to Abu-bkr (ra) .  When Rasulullah (Saw) went and proposed Abu-bkr that he wants to marry his daughter  Abu-Bkr siddique was surprised , he said I am your brother [meaning we are very close in age] Rasulullah(saw) said you are my brother and your daughter is appropriate for me [It was a command Ref:01_05_09from Allah Az-Zaujal, subhanallah it was a blessing from Allah to this ummah, sometimes something’s would be appear in a certain way , however if we dig little bit deeper we see something else , you might dislike something but there will be lot of good in it for you.] Rather than having doubts in our hearts and fear in our vision  We should be very proud and happy that Rasulullah(saw) married Aisha(rah) and we should be thankful to Allah(swt) that this marriage happened, it is a blessing from Allah(swt) on us.

Few Comments :
-    Rasulullah(saw) did not married any virgin women except Aisah(rah)
-    Rasulullah(saw) never married any women who is young except Aisha(rah)

All of the marriages are  initiated by Rasulullah (Saw) except the two marriages (with Aisha rah and Zainab rah, were divinely commanded)

1)   Saudha (rah)
2)  Umm Habiba (rah), (the daughter of Abu Sufyan ) she was migrated to Abysinia  and her husband Ubaidullah bin jash converted to Christianity and she went through a missirable time and difficult moments .
Being the daughter of Abu Sufyan , the head of Qurish . Later on her husband passed away then Rasulullah(saw) sent a letter with amr bin umiya dumri  to Najashi, Asking An-Najashi to marry him to Umm Habiba (rah)

Rasulullah(saw) had sympathy for what umm Habiba (rah) went thru. Rasulullah(saw) wants to marry her even though she is 100s of miles away , the Scholars says that is the farthest marriage of Rasulullah(saw), she was in abysinia and he was in Madina .  that was symbolic of taking care of umm habiba (rah) and also Umm Habiba was the daughter of Abu sufyan , Rasulullah(Saw) wants to bring the staunches enemy of Islam closer, he wants to soften his stands. When Abu Sufyan heard that Rasulullah(Saw) married his daughter  and he was happy to know this even though he was the leader and enemy of Islam. He said who is better to marry my daughter better then Mohammed (Saw) . Abu Sufyan knows the lineage of Mohammed(Saw) that’s how he looks at it.  He (saw) was from banu Hashim and its honour for my daughter to marry someone from banu Hashim.  Our issue with him because of religion he was proud and happy that his daughter got marry with Mohammed(Saw) , this soften Abu sufyaan little bit and that brought him closer to Islam.  Rasulullah(Saw) also intended of taking care of Umm Habiba (rah) on that difficult moment that she was going on.

3) 
Umm Salama:  Another marriage was Umm Salama, Umm salama was also made hijra to Abysinia , then they came back and went to madina , later on Abu Salama passed away then Rasulullah(Saw) married Umm Salama (rah) , He takecare of the wives of his companions who died . These are older women but Rasulullah(saw) is the Father of this Ummah (nation) as his wives are Mothers of this Ummah, This was the name given to the wives of the Rasulullah(Saw) . Rasulullah(Saw) viewed himself as the caretaker of this ummah.   Even he does not have the direct blood relationship with the members of his ummah he still felt that he is their father. He (saw) would takecare of the needy, hungry that was the statement when conversation happen between Asma-bint umiyad(rah) and Omar bin Kataab(ra) . When Omar bin Kataab said we have more rights on Rasulullah(Saw) then you because we made Hijra before you , Asma-bint umiyad just arrived from Abysinia , Asma-bint umiyad responded by saying NO that’s not true, you were with Rasulullah(Saw) , he was feeding hungry among you, he was teaching ignorant among you.  So Rasulullah(Saw) was the Father of this ummah and his marriage life also a reflection of that
Abdullah ibn omar (ra) : Abdullah ibn Omar :  (c. 614 – 693) was the son of the second Caliph Umar ibn Khattab. He was a prominent authority in hadith and law, and was known for his neutrality toward factions engaged in the first civil war within the Muslim community (656-661).From an early age, Abdullah ibn Umar demonstrated a keenness to be associated with the Prophet in all his undertakings. He had accepted Islam before he was ten years old and had made the Hijrah with his father and his sister, Hafsah(Rah) Ref:01_05_10
Anas  ibn Malik (ra):  was born 10 years before the Hijrah of Prophet Muhammad to the Bani Khazraj tribe of Yathrib.  He was present in Madinah during Muhammad's time there and afterwards. He was the longest lived of the Companions of the Prophet, having died 93 years after the Hijrah. Ref:01_05_11


Asma-was-sifaath

An important event occurred during the prophethood of Mohammed(Saw)

A  flood in Mecca has affected the Structure of Al-Kaba.  Al-Kaba is located in a low valley between mountains , once mecca was flooded and flood has caused cracks on the walls of Al-Kaba . People of Qurish felt the need to rebuild the structure of Al-Kaba.  [Al-Kaba has been re-built 4 or 5 times depending on who was the first to built, there is difference in opinion wether Ibrahim (as) was first to build al-Kaba or Adam (as) , majority of the Scholars opinion is that Ibrahim(as) was the first one to built Al-kaba. Scholars who says that we are not contradicting Quran because Quran says ]

Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow)  Chapter 02: Verse 127

Sahih International
.And [mention] when Abraham was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Ishmael, [saying], "Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed You are the Hearing, the Knowing.

Muhsin Khan
And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and (his son) Isma'il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah), (saying), "Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower." . 

The scholars who are with the opinion that it was built my Adam(as), they says that Quran stats that Ibrahim (as) was raising the foundation of the house , meaning there was already something there to raise above it. They say’s that the foundation was of the time of Adam (as).  But the common believe among our scholars is that , it was Ibrahim(as) who first built it. However there is no dispute in the holiness of the place.  All the Scholars says even if it is not Adam(as) who first built it the place was sacred , holy and was visited by the prophets of Allah. They say it use to be like a small hill which was destine as a sacred and holy place and Anbia (prophets) of Allah would visit it , there are references of many Anbia  visiting the house of Allah. The Hadith that says Hud(as), Solahe(as) , Nuh(as),  visited al-Kaba . There is a saying and attributed to Rasulullah(Saw) , which says ISA(as) when he comes down again (ie) when he descent to earth in his second coming , he will make Hajj.


Sahih Muslim »  The Book of Pilgrimage

Hanzala al-Aslami reported::
I heard Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) as narrating from Allah's Apostle (saw) who said: By Him in Whose Hand is my life. Ibn Maryam (Jesus Christ) would certainly pronounce Talbiya for Hajj or for Umra or for both (simultaneously as a Qiran) In the valley of Rauha "




Reference     : Sahih Muslim 1252 a
In-book reference     : Book 15, Hadith 237
USC-MSA web (English) reference     : Book 7, Hadith 2877
 (deprecated numbering scheme
http://sunnah.com/muslim/15/237)



Either Adam or Ibrahim (as) , whoever first built al-Kaba ,but we all know that it was the first house built for the rememberrance of Allah(swt)

Surat Al Imran  (The Family of Imran )  Chapter 03: Verse 96

Sahih International
Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah - blessed and a guidance for the worlds.

Muhsin Khan
Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for Al-'Alamin (the mankind and jinns). 

Re build History of Al-Kaba

•    First is Adam or Ibrahim (as) , we shall start from Ibrahim(as)

•    Second time , the time we are talking about now (ie) When Mecca was flooded , The people of Qurysh wanted to rebuilt it, they gathered together and they had to tear it down  but none of them agree to make that move , they were all waiting near Kaba with their equipments but no one wants to but no one wants to go ahead and start bring it down, that is how much  honour and respect they had for al-Kaba in their heart , even though at that time they were Musrikeen , but they feared Allah(swt) and they thought its a dangerous thing to tear down the walls of Al-Kaba .  One of them said, I will be the first to do it and he gathered all of his sons and came early in the morning and started bring the Rocks of Al-Kaba and they were saying “Oh Allah don’t be afraid all we want is Good” , this is the falls understanding of the divinity of Allah(swt) they were trying to Calm GOD by telling him “don’t be afraid “.  Allah(swt) knows what’s in their heart you don’t need to tell him that.  Even they believe in Allah, but in terms of Attributes to Allah (ie) Asma-was-sifaath , they had some problems with that.

This incident happen when one of the Roman Ship crashed on the port of Red sea close to Mecca , they brought some of the wood from that ship and they had a builder on the ship who helped them in wood , this is the first time they made the roof of Al-kaba (The sealing of Al-kaba from wood). The wood from this ship was used.

The People of Qurysh knew that the money from Interest is no good (Haram) and they all made the decision that they will use only Halal money in the rebuilding of al-Kaba [They are not going to use the money from Interest and the money from prostitution] , Refer the  Hadith in bukhari , Aisha(rah) talks about different types of marriages that existed in Arabia this hadith was discuss above

The prostitution was something that existed , Practice of man hiring the slave girls as a income generating source for them but they knew that this was not good but still they would do it, they will deal with Interest transactions.  They knew that this is not good source of money and they decided that they are not going to use this money in re-building Al-Kaba.

Al-Kaba originally was a bit a Rectangular in shape rather than a square. Since they ran short of funds, They ended up shortening Al-Kaba from one side , they made it a Square rather than Rectangle to save money.   The area of Al-Kaba which they left out that was we refer today as Al-Hijr , the enclosed area of the semi-circle [one side of Al-Kaba its semi-circle , that used to be part of the original building of Al-kaba]  and Al-Kaba also had two gates, they made it one and they raised door step. [ie] you have to claim in order get into the Kaba.

Years later , Abdullah bin Zubair become the Ameer of Makkah. He knew of this Hadith because Aisha (rah) was his Aunt , His mother is Asma-bin-Abubkr(rah) the sister of Aisha(rah) . He was familiar with this
Hadith so he decided to rebuild Al-Kaba in its original foundation because now the people are Muslims for long time they are not new Muslims any more they will be able to handle the situation . He decided he is going to rebuilt Al-Kaba. Especially that al-Kaba was burnt because Al-Hajjaj bin yusuf laid siege to Makkah at that time there was a war between Abdullah bin zubair and bani ummiya in Syria . The army general of Bani Ummaiya laid siege to Al-Makkah and one of the catapult hit Al-Kaba and it caused some damage and it burnt but that damage could have been fixed without tearing down the Kaba , but Abdullah bin zubair (ra) wanted to take the opportunity to rebuilt Al-Kaba in its original foundation , which he did . He fulfilled the description that was given by 
Rasulullah(saw) in the Hadith he lowered the gate and had eastern and western door and expand the size of Al-kaba to wards Al-Hijr




.


Sunan an Nasai  »  The Book of Hajj
(125) Chapter: The Building Of The Kabah


It was narrated from Aisha that the Messenger of Allah said to her:
"O Aishah, were if not for the fact that your people have recently left Jahiliyyah, I would have commanded that the House be knocked down, and I would have incorporated into it what was left out of it. I would have made its (door) in level with the ground and I would have given it two doors, an eastern door and a western door. For they built it too small, and by doing this, it would have been built on the foundation of Ibrahim, peace be upon him." He (one of the narrators said: "This is what motivated Ibn Az-Zubair to knock it down." Yazid said: "I saw Ibn Az-Zubair when he knocked it down and rebuilt it, and included part of the Hijr in it. And I saw the foundation of Ibrahim, peace be upon him, stones like the humps of camels joined to one another."




Grade    : Sahih (Darussalam)   
Reference     : Sunan an-Nasa'i 2903
In-book reference     : Book 24, Hadith 286
English translation     : Vol. 3, Book 24, Hadith 2906
http://sunnah.com/nasai/24/286



When Rasulullah(Swa) open’s makkah , he was thinking about re-constructing Al-Kaba on the original foundation , then he told Aisha the reason I am not going to do this because your people just become Muslim , Their Islam is soft, Their Eaman is weak and it might be a Fitna for them and it might cause the problem if I reconstruct Al-Kaba. So he did not do this.

Life Lesson
The important lessons from this hadith is the Daaee need to take the condition of the  people in to considerations.   Even though Rasululla(saw) wanted to do this but he did’nt because he worried that this might effect the Eaaman of the People.  So as a person you are calling people to Islam you need to take into consideration the condition of the people you are directing the message to.

The important lessons from this hadith is the Daaee need to take the condition of the  people in to considerations.   Even though Rasululla(saw) wanted to do this but he did’nt because he worried that this might effect the Eaaman of the People.  So as a person you are calling people to Islam you need to take into consideration the condition of the people you are directing the message to.

Abdullah ibn Masood (ra) says, if you tell the people something beyond their comprehension or their understanding or beyond their Eaaman , it might be a trial for some of them.  It might cause backlash  for some people . Some time we through the information on a particular subject, which is absolutely true and valid but when people are not ready for it yet , when their Eaaman is weak it backfire/backlash them.  Sometime people are unable to grasp.

Rasulullah(saw) said to Aisha(Ra) “your people (ie) Qurysh” the reason why the door of Al-Kaba made high because they wanted to have control who will go in and out, it was an issue of Power.  They made it high so that it will not be easily accessible to anyone and easy to control the access (ie) its a matter of influence / having authority here. This is the reason that the door of Al-Kaba was raised . Rasulullah(Saw) if I re-build it , i will lower the gate and I will make two gates so that people  could come from one side and leave from other, rather then having people coming and going out from the same door.


Sahih Al-Bukhari   »  The Book of Hajj
(42) Chapter: The superiority of Makkah and its buildings, and the statement of Allah Ta'ala


It was narrated from Aisha :
"I asked the Prophet (saw) whether the round wall (near Ka`ba) was part of the Ka`ba. The Prophet (saw) replied in the affirmative. I further said, "What is wrong with them, why have they not included it in the building of the Ka`ba?" He said, "Don't you see that your people (Quraish) ran short of money (so they could not include it inside the building of Ka`ba)?" I asked, "What about its gate? Why is it so high?" He replied, "Your people did this so as to admit into it whomever they liked and prevent whomever they liked. Were your people not close to the Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance (i.e. they have recently embraced Islam) and were I not afraid that they would dislike it, surely I would have included the (area of the) wall inside the building of the Ka`ba and I would have lowered its gate to the level of the ground.""


Reference     : Sahih al-Bukhari 1584
In-book reference     : Book 25, Hadith 70
USC-MSA web (English) reference     : Vol. 2, Book 26, Hadith 654
  (deprecated numbering scheme)
http://sunnah.com/bukhari/25/70

Rasulullah(SaW) participated in rebuilding of Al-Kaba. At that time he was around 35 years old (a rough estimate) , while they were building the kaba , people of Qurysh reached the holiest place of Al-Kaba (ie) “black stone” , now the dispute erupt among them on who will have the honour of placing the black stone in its spot.  When they were rebuilding Al-Kaba , every tribe took responsibility of building one side of it.
Al-Hijr : a low wall originally part of the Kaaba. It is a semi-circular wall opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kaaba known as the hat?m. This is 90 cm (35 in) in height and 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in width, and is composed of white marble. At one time the space lying between the hat?m and the Kaaba belonged to the Kaaba itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the tawaf
Ref:01_05_13


Black Stone : is the eastern corner stone of the Kaaba.  The pilgrims kiss the Ka'aba's eastern cornerstone (the black rock), and if they cannot kiss it, they point to it during circumambulation. Ref:01_05_14
Rasulullah(SaW) participated in rebuilding of Al-Kaba. At that time he was around 35 years old (a rough estimate) , while they were building the kaba , people of Qurysh reached the holiest place of Al-Kaba (ie) “black stone” , now the dispute erupt among them on who will have the honour of placing the black stone in its spot.  When they were rebuilding Al-Kaba , every tribe took responsibility of building one side of it.

But with the black stone they disputed , every tribe wanted to have the honour of putting it in its place . Banu-abd dud Daar, they gathered all of their men and they came in front of the Kaba with a pot of blood than they placed it in front of every one and they all put their hand in to the blood and pulled it out , in other words they are telling them that this is what will happen if they did not put the black stone in its place, its like pledging to die and to fight , we will do it otherwise this is what will happen , blood will flow, that was a drastic measure and threat but that was not enough to deter others, another tribe they went and brought their own pot of blood they also sock their hand with blood  and everybody was bringing their own pot of blood , it was four or five days they could not able to solve the problem and a war about to erupt between them and the eldest man among them Ummaya had a suggestion lets agree the first man to walk in will be given the complete authority in judging between us.  They all gathered in the site of Al-Kaba and waiting for the first person to come and the first person to walk in was Mohammed(saw).  They all stood up and said “As-Sadiqul Ameen Radeena Radeena” the Truthful and Trustworthy we all agree , they were all agreed to give the authority to the person who will come first but they were so happy that this person was Mohammed (Saw) because they knew that he will not take side of any family in his ruling, if someone else came  he would give the authority to his family in his place, that was the excepted we would leave it randomly for the first one to come in and his family would take it , but when they saw Mohammed(saw) they were so happy because they know that he is fair among us. They told him that we will give you complete authority in solving this dispute.

Rasulullah(Saw) asked them to bring the robe [a piece of cloth] he picked up the black stone and he placed it on this cloth and then he asked one representative from each clan/tribe to hold the cloth from one side and they all raised it up together in same time so that every one of them will participate in lifting the black stone , when they all lifted it up then he (saw) picked up the black stone with his blessed hands and placed it in its place. So it was 
Rasulullah(saw) who put the black stone in its spot.

This was the second time that Al-Kaba was rebuilt.

Rasulullah(saw) open the Makkah and said that “It was not the fact that the people are new Muslims , I would have re build it” on the foundations of Ibrahim
 



•    Third time ,Years later , Abdullah bin Zubair become the Ameer of Makkah. He knew of this Hadith because Aisha (rah) was his Aunt , His mother is Asma-bin-Abubkr(rah) the sister of Aisha(rah) . He was familiar with this  Hadith so he decided to rebuild Al-Kaba in its original foundation because now the people are Muslims for long time they are not new Muslims any more they will be able to handle the situation . He decided he is going to rebuilt Al-Kaba. Especially that al-Kaba was burnt because Al-Hajjaj bin yusuf laid siege to Makkah at that time there was a war between Abdullah bin zubair and bani ummiya in Syria . The army general of Bani Ummaiya laid siege to Al-Makkah and one of the catapult hit Al-Kaba and it caused some damage and it burnt but that damage could have been fixed without tearing down the Kaba , but Abdullah bin zubair (ra) wanted to take the opportunity to rebuilt Al-Kaba in its original foundation , which he did . He fulfilled the description that was given by Rasulullah(saw) in the Hadith he lowered the gate and had eastern and western door and expand the size of Al-kaba to wards Al-Hijr
 


•   Fourth Time :
Abdullah-bin-zubair ended up in loosing war and he was killed , Al hajjaj ibn yousuf took over.  The califa at that time Abdul Malik ibn marwan was not familiar with this Hadith so he gave his command to take back the Kaba before it was (before Abdullah bin Zubair ra) so the Kaba was shorten again according to the way the people of Qurysh built itr

 Al Hajjaj ibn Yousuf : Arab administrator, politician and minister of defence of the Umayyad caliphate. Al-Hajjaj was born (661 AD) in the city of Ta'if in the Hijaz.   He was a teacher of Quran to young students in Al-Taif. He migrated away from his city towards Damascus later on during his early life. Al-Hajjaj bin Yousef played a crucial role in the selection of military commanders. He instilled discipline in the soldier ranks which led to the successful expansion of the Islamic empire to its farthest extent. He ensured all important records were translated into Arabic, and for the first time he convinced caliph Abd Al-Malik to adopt a special currency for the Muslim world.
Ref:01_05_15


Imam Malik : Malik ibn Anas ibn Malik .  Malik was born the son of Anas ibn Malik (not the Sahabi) and Aaliyah bint Shurayk al-Azdiyya in Medina circa 711. His family was originally from the al-Asbahi tribe of Yemen, but his great grandfather Abu 'Amir relocated the family to Medina after converting to Islam in the second year of the Hijri calendar, or 623 CE. According to Al-Muwatta, he was tall, heavyset, imposing of stature, very fair, with white hair and beard but bald, with a huge beard and blue eyes.
Ref:01_05_16
 

•   Fifth Time :
After the Califa of Bani Umayya , Banu Abbaas were the family of Kulafa (califa). One of the Califa of Banu Abbas was thinking about building Al-Kaba again on its original foundation and he consulted Al-Imam Malik.  Imam Malik told the califa , he gave him very wise answer , we don’t want Al-Kaba as a toy in the hands of the Kings.  Even thought the plan of 
Rasulullah(saw) his desire was to built it on the foundations of Ibrahim but lets keep it as the way it is and not change it anymore.   Since the shape of Al-Kaba changing back and front (foundation of Ibrahim (as) and Qurysh ) Imam Malik says people know Al-Kaba and the stones of Al-Kaba don’t keep on changing , leave it as it is.  This was very wise advice from Al Imam malik which the califa followed.



The Kaba which we have today is built on the foundation of Qurysh , Alhamdulilllah this is some thing good . If Al-Kaba was built on the original foundation of Ibrahim(as) we would have deprived the chance of praying inside the Kaba, since it is shorted the area which is enclosed by semi circle is a part of Al-Kaba , so praying inside that area (semi circle) is as if praying inside Al-Kaba.  [Rasulullah(saw) prayed eight raka inside Al-Kaba].  When he opened Makkah he prayed inside Al-Kaba.   The chance of praying in Al-Hijr otherwise (if its build on foundation of Ibrahim) it would be very difficult to pray inside the Kaba issues like getting permissions etc is a difficult process.

Over the time the height of Al-Kaba increased but the size (Width) remain constant.  Many of the stones of Al-Kaba have the reminisce of the stones that was used by Ibrahim (as) . but black stone is the original stone that was kept by Ibrahim(as) black stone never change.

Black Stone: Some says that this stone was originated from Jannah.

The Hadith , which is aunthentic tells us that the Black stone was White. But it turns black because of the Sins of the Son’s of Adam.  Another Hadith says that the Black stone is the right hand of Allah on earth.  (Allah (swt) knows the best)

The Black stone is very special , honoured and respected , the only part of Al-Kaba (ie) kissed and the only part of Al-Kaba that is pointed (Some people point yamini corner, which is wrong. You can touch yamini corner when you passing by while circumambulating Al-Kaba but one should not point or greet to it from distance. That is only for the black stone)

................That’s the story of Al-Kaba................


Jami At-Tirmidhi   »  9. The Book of Hajj
(49) Chapter: What Has Been Related About The Virtues Of The Black Stone, Its Corner, And The Maqam


Ibn Abbas narrated that: :
"The Messenger of Allah said: "The Black Stone descended from the Paradise, and it was more white than milk, then it was blacked by the sins of the children of Adam.""


Grade    : Hasan (Darussalam)   
Reference     : Jami` at-Tirmidhi 877
In-book reference     : Book 9, Hadith 70
English translation     : Vol. 2, Book 4, Hadith 877
http://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/9/70



Al-Hira

Cave of Al-Hira:  Prophet (saw) would leave Makkah and spend his time in the cave of Al-Hira [A mountain very close to Makkah].  Rasulullah(Saw) take his provision and go to that place in seclusion in this cave for worshipping Allah(swt) and from the cave he was able to see Al-Kaba (in those days) . He (Swa) spend days and nights continuously worshiping Allah(swt) before prophethood .  This shows that he knew Allah(swt) and he was worshipping Allah(swt), this was the chance to Rasululllah(saw) for reflecting and contemplate on the creation of Allah(swt). This was also a training for him , Allah(swt) was training him , the moments he spend n reflecting and contemplating the creations of Allah(swt) purifies the hearts.

Sa’eed Hawwa comments
Sa’eed Hawwa comments on this and says “Solitude was a tradition of some who would seek the guidance of Allah with the remembrance of Allah and worship. It was used to illuminate the hearts and remove its shadows by disconnecting it from its heedlessness and desires. Some would advice this at the beginning of the journey to belief, as this was the example of the Prophet when he spent time in solitude before and at the beginning of his prophet hood.” As a muslim, you are recommended to spend some time alone in dhikr, remembering Allah.  Early in the morning, After Asar, between asar and magrib on Friday.

One should not go to extreme of going away from society completely or to indulge into the society completely. We should go through the middle road, by spending some time with people and socializing while also spending time alone between us and Allah. Qiyam-ul-Layl is a chance for solitude, praying at night

................That’s the story of Al-Kaba................


alone and the sincerity is pure for the sake of Allah. It purifies the heart, and it is known that too much laughing and socializing obscures the heart and veils it. Spending some time worshipping Allah in solitude is the cure for this. Allah said: 

Surat Al Imran  (The Family of Imran )  Chapter 03: Verse 190, 191

Sahih International
Indeed, in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day are signs for those of understanding..

Muhsin Khan
Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding.


Sahih International
Who remember Allah while standing or sitting or [lying] on their sides and give thought to the creation of the heavens and the earth, [saying], "Our Lord, You did not create this aimlessly; exalted are You [above such a thing]; then protect us from the punishment of the Fire.

Muhsin Khan
Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this without purpose, glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the Fire.


Saeed Hawwa :  (1935–1989) was a leading member and prominent ideologue in the Muslim Brotherhood of Syria.  Hawwa authored a large number of books that dealt with the proper organizational principles and structures for Islamist organizations, the proper spiritual and practical training for Muslim activists, and issues of interpretation, jurisprudence, and creed in Islam. As a high-ranking member of the Syrian Brotherhood, he was involved in the escalating unrest directed against the Ba`thist regime throughout the 1960s and 1970s and played a role from exile in the latter part of the Islamic uprising in Syria of 1976-1982.
Ref:01_05_17
Qiyam ul Layl : Qiyam means 'standing' and ‘Qiyam al-Layl’ means 'standing at night'. In the Shari’ah term both terms refer to 'the voluntary night prayer, whose time extends after the Isha prayer (the last of the five obligatory prayers, whose time extends from the disappearance of the reddish light in the sky until the middle of the night) until dawn.’
This voluntary prayer is described as Qiyam al-Layl because it involves long standings, in which long portions of the Qur'aan are recited. Other common names for this prayer are 'Salaat al-Layl' (the night prayer), Tahajjud (from hajjada meaning awake at night), witr and Taraweeh (resting). [Lisaan ul-Arab under 'Hajada' and 'Rawaha']  
Ref:01_05_18

End of Part - 5