| The first verses revealed to Rasullullah(saw) is the first verses of surah Al-ALAQ (Chapter 96)
'Surat Al-`Alaq (The Clot) Chapter
96: Verse 1-5
in the name of your Lord who created -
Created man from a clinging substance.
Recite, and your Lord is the most Generous -
Who taught by the pen -
Taught man that which he knew not.
In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists),
Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).
Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,
Who has taught (the writing) by the pen [the first person to write was
Prophet Idrees (Enoch)].
Has taught man that which he knew not.
that The revelation stopped for a while The whole initial
encounter of Rasullullah(saw) with revelation Plus the waiting period
that followed after first revelation was to make Rasullullah(saw) Love
the Revelation and Miss it.
Sahih Bukhari Volume 009, Book 087, Hadith Number 111.
narration in Bukhari , ..... But after a few days Waraqa died and
the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while and the Prophet
became so sad as we have heard that he intended several times to throw
himself from the tops of high mountains and every time he went up the
top of a mountain in order to throw himself down, Gabriel would appear
before him and say, "O Muhammad! You are indeed Allah's Apostle in
truth" whereupon his heart would become quiet and he would calm down
and would return home...
Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Interpretation of Dreams » Hadith - Interpretation of Dreams
Commencement of the Divine Revelation to Allah’s Messenger (saw) was in the form of good dreams
commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah's Messenger (saw) was in
the form of good righteous (true) dreams in his sleep. He never had a
dream but that it came true like bright day light. He used to go in
seclusion (the cave of) Hira where he used to worship(Allah Alone)
continuously for many (days) nights. He used to take with him the
journey food for that (stay) and then come back to (his wife) Khadija
to take his food like-wise again for another period to stay, till
suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira.
The angel came to him in it and asked him to read. The Prophet (saw)
replied, "I do not know how to read." (The Prophet (saw) added), "The
angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not
bear it anymore. He then released me and again asked me to read, and I
replied, "I do not know how to read," whereupon he caught me again and
pressed me a second time till I could not bear it anymore. He then
released me and asked me again to read, but again I replied, "I do not
know how to read (or, what shall I read?)." Thereupon he caught me for
the third time and pressed me and then released me and said, "Read: In
the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). Has created
man from a clot. Read and Your Lord is Most Generous...up to.....
..that which he knew not." (96.15) Then Allah's Messenger (saw) returned
with the Inspiration, his neck muscles twitching with terror till he
entered upon Khadija and said, "Cover me! Cover me!" They covered him
till his fear was over and then he said, "O Khadija, what is wrong with
me?" Then he told her everything that had happened and said, 'I fear
that something may happen to me." Khadija said, 'Never! But have the
glad tidings, for by Allah, Allah will never disgrace you as you keep
good reactions with your Kith and kin, speak the truth, help the poor
and the destitute, serve your guest generously and assist the
deserving, calamityafflicted ones." Khadija then accompanied him to
(her cousin) Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin `Abdul `Uzza bin Qusai.
Waraqa was the son of her paternal uncle, i.e., her father's brother,
who during the Pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write
the Arabic writing and used to write of the Gospels in Arabic as much
as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his
eyesight. Khadija said to him, "O my cousin! Listen to the story of
your nephew." Waraqa asked, "O my nephew! What have you seen?" The
Prophet (saw) described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, "This is the
same Namus (i.e., Gabriel, the Angel who keeps the secrets) whom Allah
had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time
when your people would turn you out." Allah's Messenger (saw) asked,
"Will they turn me out?" Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said:
"Never did a man come with something similar to what you have brought
but was treated with hostility. If I should remain alive till the day
when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly." But
after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused
for a while and the Prophet (saw) became so sad as we have heard that he
intended several times to throw himself from the tops of high mountains
and every time he went up the top of a mountain in order to throw
himself down, Gabriel would appear before him and say, "O Muhammad! You
are indeed Allah's Messenger (saw) in truth" whereupon his heart would
become quiet and he would calm down and would return home. And
whenever the period of the coming of the inspiration used to become
long, he would do as before, but when he used to reach the top of a
mountain, Gabriel would appear before him and say to him what he had
said before. (Ibn `Abbas said regarding the meaning of: 'He it is that
Cleaves the daybreak (from the darkness)' (6.96) that Al-Asbah. means
the light of the sun during the day and the light of the moon at night). ..
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 6982
In-book reference : Book 91, Hadith 1
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 9, Book 87, Hadith 111
(deprecated numbering scheme)
After the verses of Surah Al-Alaq the next to reveal was
- Surathul muzammil and
- Surathul mudassir.
But there is a difference in opinion which was first. But there is an agreement that these were 2nd and 3rd set of ayas.
These ayas (ie) from These surah ‘al-Alaq, muzammil, mudassir’ become a manual book for the Daee's. (ie) . We can summarised as ‘IQRA QUM QUM’ a short formula for the Daee. Easy to remember, These are the first Aya’s to train early Muslims in dawa.
|IQRA||which is a command to recite and learn|
|QUM||Pray at Night|
|QUM||Stand up and Warn|
First thing: is to learn : you study , gain knowledge in religion.
Next to apply this to yourself and start preaching it to others (teach and warn), what you have learn you have to teach .
says that you don’t attain the complete IMAAN until you go thru the
stages of Learning and Teaching and propagating the message of Allah
and Teaching need something to go along with it (ie) IBADAH (forms of
nafail (Voluntary) that you do like Qiyam ul Laill). Qiyamullail was
mandatory on early Muslims . Allah(swt) made is mandatory on
early Muslims and that was abrogated. However for Rasullullah(saw) it
was mandatory for him until he passed away.
is the complete program. Program of Learning, Applying (Ibadah) and
Teaching (dawa), They all compliment each other and assist in building
a complete Muslim personality.
work of Propagating and Teaching could be draining in the heart,
without the element of Ibadha (standing up and praying to Allah(Swt) in
middle of the night ) the heart could become firm in IMAAN . This
Qiyamullail soften the heart and it prepares the person for the rest of
the day. (making Dhikr also count as ibadha)
Qayum , talks about his sheik Ibn-Taymia : everyday after Saltul FAJR
he would go out to the fields in the outskirts of Damascus and sit to
mention the Names of ALLAH , making Dhikr until sunrise. Once he asked
him why you do this in daily basic, Ibn-Taymia said this is breakfast
if I don’t have it my body will fail me. This is the food for my
soul, it gives energy for rest of the day. “If I don’t have this
meal in the morning i will be very weak for rest of my day”.
Rasullullah(saw) was strengthen by this ibada of Qiyammullail. And also Allah(swt) made
it mandatory for early Muslims because of the unique circumstance they
went thru. The difficulties that they went thru is more than the
ummah will face afterwards. That’s why they had to go thru this
intensive training and they are the core group, they are the foundation
This group is in small in number [Less then 100] who
went thru this training, these people become so strong that where every
you put them, we can immediately see the influence they have on the
people surrounding them. for ex: Ansaar are late comers to Islam
[they become Muslims in last half of the Dawa of Rasullullah(saw)] . because of Muhajireen
came in and mixed with them , in the initial stage Rasullullah(saw)
made a brother hood , he will have one Ansari and one Muhajir, this
gave the Muhajireen to help the Ansar in the religious aspects.
And Ansar helped the Muhajireen in financial and social support that
they need it..