|Some lessons to learn from these narrations:1.
Number one which really stands out , which is firmness and
steadfastness of Sahaba (ra), they held high to the principles they did
not compromise , even when they knew they would be in danger , they
went to an-Najashi and said E’sa is a servant of Allah. In their
earlier discussion they decided they are going to speak the truth no
matter what happen , so its important to have that sprit that we are
not need to protect ourselves but we are here to protect our religion.
Our religion comes first even if we have to give up our lives and
stuffs. We would go thru whatever the pain and suffering we have to
safeguard Islam, that’s the first lesson.2.
They would not given to the local tradition that would contradict
Islam. They would adopt local tradition and culture that does not
contradict with the religion, but whenever they see a contradiction
they are willing to stand against it. It was the tradition of the
Abyssinians that to make Sujoodh whenever they come to greet the Negus.
Amr-bin-al-As when he went to an-Najashi , said beware when these
people come in they are not going to make Sujoodh for you. When
they came in Truly they did not as Amr-bin-al-As suspected , they did
not make sujoodh and An-Najashi was angry and he asked how come you
does not make Sujoodh to me like everybody else does.
They(sahaba) said we do not make sujoodh to anyone but ALLAH. In
our Religion we don’t make sujoodh to anyone but Allah. They had
Pride, even though they are living in foreign land with difficult
situation you can see that they had pride in their religion.3.
When we say that the Muslims in Mecca had the Jamah and an Ameer , some
one who wants to Argue against this concept can comeback , well
obliviously they had Jamah and Ameer , Rasulullah (saw) was there then
what do you expect. But what about in Abyssinia. With the Muslims
we are living today loose and everybody is doing their own thing and
going in their own direction or with they organized under one banner
and a common leadership this is one thing that stands out in all of the
narrations that Muslims were organized and they were group and they
worked together in a Jamaah and they had a Leader
Jafar-bin-abi-Talib(Ra) he was the spokes men , he was the Ameer. So
this is not an optional thing and it’s not something that if you like
it you do it .Muslims wherever they are they have to be in an Organized
fashion. This is an organized religion. It is not an
individual or a spiritual thing to do on your own. Because the
religion that has many of the ibadah done collectively to teach us .
The sprit of Jamah , Salah is done collectively , Hajj is done collectively , so
Muslims living in the West they have to Organized and they have to come
together in a moment and they have to common leader ship which they
stand behind. The decision once made in Abyssinia (ie) only one man
will speak and will not interior or go against and contradict to what
he is saying4.
You can see the extent of the participation of Muslim women , now I
want you to contrast it and balance it with what I spoke about earlier
on , when I was speaking about the role of the Muslim women as a wife
and a mother . Islam is some where between the two extreme , in every
matter we have two extremes and a middle . Islam is a middle of
everything, It’s a middle way , so for every situation we have to
extremes and the Fiqh (Wisdom) is to know the exact middle is ?.
because there are lots of points on the spectrum but only point , one
dot is a middle , so its very easy to hit everything but the
middle ground , its not easy to hit the exact Target of middle Ground
and that’s where Fiqh and Wisdom comes in to play . Its very
evidence in early Muslims history that the Muslim sister
had very important role to play . a. The first Muslim was a Womenb. The first shahid in Islam was a Women, The first Marter was Sumayya (rah)c.
You can see the participation of Muslim Women in Hijra , in Abyssinia ,
Their participation in the Hijra to Medina.d. Their participation in Jihad e. Their participation in Jamahf. Their participation in Teaching and LearningSo
some of the Artificial barriers that we have erected now. It’s not
existed during the time of Rasulullah(saw) , I means among us they are
people carrying it to both extremes. One extreme is that men and women
can mix and laugh and joke and without no barriers Hijab is optional
and on the other extreme even the voice of Women is not allowed to
spoken in public ,we might have them living in different planet. So
these are two Extremes.
But we need to find the middle role , I
want to give you an example to show you the relationship that men and
women had in the time of Rasulullah(saw) , In this conversation its
relevant to talk about the migration to al-Habasha . when the muslims
came back to Medina in the seventh year (7AH) of hijra , the wife of
Jafar-ibn-abu-Talib(ra) Asma-bint-unaiz (Rah) she went to visit
Hafsa(rah) the daughter of Umar-bin-Kattab (ra) who was the wife of
Rasulullah(saw) , Asma-bint-unaiz went to visit her and Umar-bin-Kattab
(ra) came to visit his daughter and he came in and saw this women
sitting in his room , he asked her who is this women , she said
“hazahii asma-bint-umaiz” (This is Asma-Bint-Umaiz”) , Umar-bin-Kattab
said Al-Habashiyaa? , is this the Abyysinian women ? (not that she is
from abyysinian but he is referring to the fact that she was in
Abyysininya for so long)Is this Abyssinian women, Al-bahariyaa? (Is
this the women came from the sea?, because they have to cross the sea
to get into medina ) Hafsa said “yes” . Umar-bin-Kattab (ra) told
Asma we made Hijra before you therefore we have more closer and rights
on Rasululllah(saw) then you do. Asma was quiet and angry by that
statement and she said No, you are not closer to Rasulullah(saw)
then us , you were with the messenger of Allah, he was feeding the
Hungry among you , Teaching the Ignorant among you while we were
in distance from this pious land we are in a far away land then this
pious land we were not comfortable over there. We didn’t likeit being
far away from Rasululah(saw) , we were feeling home sick to the
Messenger of Allah not to Mecca but it was Messenger of Allah, we wants
to be with him and then she said I am going to go and tell Rasullla(Sw)
what you are saying now I am not going toad anything on it or substrate
to it, I am going to say as you said it. And she want to Rasulullah(sw)
this is what Umar told me. Rasulullah(saw) asked her what did you say?
She said and repeated the same statement , Rasulullah(saw) said no UMAR
and his companions do not have more rights then you do to me (ie they
are not closer to me then you ), they have rewards of one hijra and you
have rewards of two hijra . you get double the reward that they do.
Asma-bint-umaiz said when Rasulullah(saw) mentioned this hadith to me
the sahabas who were in Abyssinia Au-Musa alAsaariaa (ra) with his
friends will come to me in large groups all trying to learn this hadith
of Rasulullah(saw) from me , she said there is nothing better
than this in this world then this Hadith . This hadith was so valuable
to them it was worth then the world and every thing in it. So now here
you see that first of all Umar-bin-kattab speaking tothis Women and
they are having a conversation and it was a straight fwd conversation
and then Asma-bin-umaiz teaching the Sahaba Au-Musa al Asaariaa (ra)
and other men about this Hadith , so this was the nature of the
relationship that exist. Obliviously if you look at the all of
the reference that we have that deal with the relationship of men and
women you can see that thr was a element of formalities in their
dealings. You would not find any incident that they joke and laughs
each other. So they knew their limits
But in the same time it
was not that extreme as we might see among some Muslims now, an example
of the participation in the strength of the early Muslims would be Umm
Keep in mind the following factor and see how difficult on her.
She is the daughter of the unrival leader of Mecca , Abu-Sufyan , for
her to leave that comfortable life , wealth , nobility in her society
and go and live as a foreigner in a alien land is not easy.
2) She is living in a foreign land
Which was disasters, when her husband reached to Abyssinia , he
apostate and become Christian. He was one of the sahaba who made
Hijra when he got there he changed his mind. Now Ubidullah bin-jash he
went thru different stages in his life , he kept on flipping back and
forth before Islam changing his mind and going to different religions.
This was his personality so when he got there to Al-habasha he just
changed from being a Muslim to being a Christian and the most
influential person on a women is her husband. it was very difficult for
umm Habiba (rah) to deal with this situation. Her husband apostate and
becoming Christian, obliviously after that they have to
separate. Keep all of these factors in mind and see how
strong she was , how steadfast she was and how she was able to hold
firm on her religion.
What is the ruling on Hijra:
Migration is Compulsory, if a Muslim individual is unable to establish
his basic Islamic practice in the land , such as prayer , fasting and
the Adaan. If a Muslim is unable to establish his essential
practices of Islam then they must find somewhere else. It is
permissible if a Muslim is confronted with problems that make difficult
in that land he is permitted to leave his land for another land of
Islam taking relief.
Its forbidden If some one (Muslim)
is playing a critical role and no body can step in and take that role
then it is forbidden that person to leave.
What is the ruling
living among non-Muslims ? This is one Topic that Muslims in the West
had been avoiding to talk about. We shy away from certain Topic because
they are controversial we don’t want to deal with them. but eventually
will be faced with real problems that will force us to deal with these
issues. We need to have frank discussions on such matters, we
cannot just throw them and close it and crush them under the carpet
thinking that they will go away.
When it comes to living in
non-muslim land it in consensus of Muslims scholars that is not allowed
(to live in non-muslim land). The Hadiths are very clear “I have
nothing to do with a Muslim who lives among the one associates god
besides Allah” This is one Hadith of difference of narrations.
The scholars gave exceptions they said
if a person is propagating the message of Islam and is practicing Islam freely, then that is the excuse for them to stay.
also give temporary for somebody who is doing business or seeking
knowledge. This is on a temporary basic it is not to settle
Therefore it is not allow for us to
live in Non-Muslim environment unless we are fulfilling the
responsibility of Dawah. Otherwise we are accumulating Sins by default.
Dawah is not an Optional thing for us it is something that justifies a
Muslim living in non-Muslim society.
By Dawah we need to
understand this in a comprehensive way, it does not mean that every
single person need to do the same thing. We need Dawah in comprehensive
way anything of serving t he welfare of Islam anything that serves the
propagation of the message which fall under dawah. It does not
necessarily means that you distributing leaflet to non-Muslims or
giving speeches to them. these are two ways but there are many of them.
- Relief work is a work of dawah,
- charitable work is the work of dawah.
- Teaching Muslims in the west if the work of Dawah too.
So we need to understand the concept of Dawah in most comprehensive way.
was one of the muhajireen who migrated to Abyssinia , he came back to
Mecca since he left he has to come with some protection , he sought
protection and he was offered protection from Walid-bin-Mugaira , who
is one of the elders of Mecca. Usman-ibn-Madhoon entered in
to Mecca he saw that everyone else , every other Muslim is going thru
persecution except for himself , this did not make him happy , he felt
jealous how come everyone else is going thru this purification of their
sins except myself. He went to Walid-ibn-mugaira I don’t need
your protection I am giving it back to you , he asked why are you my
son doing that, he replied I want the protection of Allah. I don’t want
He said well , since I have given you protection
publicly so you have to give it back publicly ,so they went to
al-Kabba and al-Walikd-ibn-mugaira said Usman-ibn-Madhoon has
given me back my protection , then Usman–ibn-Madhoon said yes , I did
find tht Walid-ibn-Mugaira is very trust worthy and honest man but I
want to be under the protection of Allah and Allah alone. Later on he
was sitting in the gathering with one of the famous poets of
And Al-Lubaid was reciting some of his poetry and
he said “Kullu shaiin Khallalahah batilun “ (Every thing safeguard is
vanity” )everyging is going to go away, Usman said yes you are
right. This was the gathering held by lot of people and
then (Wa kullu naimin la mahatan zairun) and all pleasure must fade
Usman ibn madhoon interepted and said that wrong.
of Paradise never fade away. Al-Lubaid being a famous and respected
Poet of Arabia is kind of shocked , how come someone from the audience
respond to me like that , he said oh man of Qurish there you sat with
you use to not to be so insulted , when this thing come about? When
this started happening among u?
So one man in the audience said,
don’t worry about it, this is one of the fools who follow the religion
of Mohammed, don’t take it to heart. Usman bin Madhoon responded
they had a fight .so the man stood up he punched Usman bin madhoon in
his eye until whole thing is black. Al-Walidh-ibn-Mugaira saw this ,
and came to Usman and said there is no need your eye to go thru this
suffering. You were under my protection why did you give it up ,
Usman-bin-Madhoon said no , he said ‘ not so I swear my only
problem is that my good eye is need of what the other one suffered for
God sake. Actually I am under the protection of One stronger and more
capable of yourself. Oh ibn Abu-Shams . al-Walid again said , do
you want to come back to my protection he said no. I want to be under
the protection of Allah.
CD 12 42:53
remember that some of these are Hadith and someof these are from seerah
we are trying to mix both , so learn from Hadith and also Learn from
Abu-Bakr(ra) did not make hijra to Abyssinia. But he
was suffering in Makkah so he requested the permission from
Rasulullah(saw) to allow him to migrate . Rasulullah(saw) gave him
permission Abu-Bakr(Ra) left , he left Makkah and reached Yamen ,
bark algamadh and then he met with Syed-alHabish, al-Habish are the
tribe that use to live close to Mecca. Ibn-Ad-gunna he met with
him, Ibn-Ad-gunna asked him Abu-Bakr whr are you heading towards, abu
bkr said my people has offended me , treated me badly and force me to
live . Ibn-Ad-Gunna said such a person like you is an Assets to his
You are not a person to leave and you are not a person
to driven out of your land. Why he said because you aid those in stress
andyou are kindly towards the needy , then he said you go back and you
are under my protection, he took him to Mecca and he went to up to
front of the people of Mecca and said ,”Abu-Bakr” is under my
protection , how can you drive out such a person from your land . You
drive out a person like Abu-Bakr. He said he is under my protection.
people of Qurish they came to ibn-ad-gunna and said well we accept your
protection but we are not going to allow Abu-Bakr to worship publicly.
So please make sure he does not . ibn-ad-gunna came to Abu-Bakr and
said your people, I don’t wanted to offend them so don’t worship
Previously what Abu-Bakr would do , he will pray outside
in front of the people and Ayisha(Rah) said my father use to be a man
with a very soft heart and when he recite the verses of Quran he will
cry. So you would have all of the kids, women and men attracted around
Abu-Bakr watching him and this turned the people of Qurish crazy.
And they felt that this will be a fitna for their people.
told Abu-Bakr to worship privately , then Abu-Bakr(ra) agreed. For a
while AbuBkr (ra) was praying at home in privacy and then he have
an idea. He decided to make a Musallah in the open area of the house.
In some style of Islamic architecture house built in a Square and in
the middle its empty space that is called ‘Fanah’ in Arabic . OR fanah
could be like backyard the place that is open but its part of the house
. AbuBkr (Ra) took his fanah/backyard to be his Musallah, eventhough
its inside from house but people can see it from outside.
same problem happened again all of the people gathering outside house
of Abu-Bakr(ra) watching him praying , they were amazed that Kushu that
Abu-Bakr as siddiq(ra) had. The People of Qurish had fear and went to
Ibn-Ad-Gunna and said “we told you that we don’t want him to worship
publicly” So ibn-Ad-gunna went to Abu-Bakr and spoke to about it.
Abu-Bakr said to Ibn-Ad-Gunna I am giving your protection back I don’t
need it, I will be in the protection of Allah. Finally he did give up
the protection of Ibn-ad-gunna.
Few notes on the story of Abu-Bakr:
When Abu-Bakr met ibn-ad-gunna, ibn-ad-gunna asked him how come you are
migrating from your land, Abu-Bakr siddique said in one narration
“Where are you going/migrating” he said I want to travel in the land in
order to worship my Lord. Abu-Bakr is leaving his land for no purpose
but Worship Allah. To go in the land where he can worship Allah(swt)
seeking freedom . What will he do with that freedom? Just worship
Allah. They would use every resource that they have to please
Allah(swt), he was not travelling to do Business, he was travelling to
2 What did ibn-ad-Gunna
know about Abu-Bakr? What was the repatation that Abu-Bakr
had among the Non-Muslims?
- Caring for the Needy
- Providing for the poor
- Sponsoring the Orphans
- Standing up for the rights
was the reputation of Abu-Bakr. He was not known for evil man or
corrupted character ,he was known for these righteous values which,
every person in the face of the earth who has decency will recognize
his value and this should be the personality of the Muslims where ever
they are. this is what people know of you , your righteousness, you are
standing for what is right, your charitable work , and that is the one
that let Ibn-ad-Gunna to say I am giving you the protection you are an
Assets for your people , we cannot let you leave, we can’t allow you to
leave Mecca. You are a credit for them, you are pride/prize for your
people, This should be the reputation of Every Muslim. This is
what people should know about us.
His Salah was his Dawa. : Publicly practicing the ritual of Islam is
DAWA. For the people to see Hajj, For the people to see our
Iftaar on Ramadan , having open dinner in Majid and invite our neighbor
hood to break fasting with us and some of them they even fast, they are
Non-Muslim they will fast. They will join in, infact many non-muslims
are enthusiastic to participate with Muslims in Ramadan. Let them do
that , Let them go ahead, let them know our taste the value of
Siam (fast) , the flavor of it, and invite them to have iftaar Let them
see the socializaing that muslims are having in Ramadan. Salah al-
tarawee . We should not hide our in flavours our masajids and
close the access to the public this is Dawa . Abu-Bakr As sidque
will do it in Public and people of Qurish were furious. Because they
thought that this would attract the people towards Islam. Seeing
Ab-bkr seeing the Khushu (Concentrate in prayer) that he had will bring
them closer to Allah(swt) , so we should publily do this
Ibdadhth because there is a special flavor in them and there is a
uniqueness on the rituals that allah(swt) priscribed on us
We should publized the message , the enemies of Islam would not mind if
you are praying in your cubical as your private Life , we are not going
to interfere with it , but they are going to be resistant to you doing
it in public and that is what we should do , because we want to Attract
the good among all people to become muslims, and good heart will get
attracted with good things.